Halacha for Monday 9 Nissan 5781 March 22 2021

Erev Pesach Which Coincides With Shabbat

We have mentioned that this year, 5781, Erev Pesach will coincide with Shabbat. We shall now discuss what one may eat for this coming Shabbat’s meals.

The Shabbat Night Meal
One may eat Chametz for the Shabbat night meal, for the time when Chametz becomes prohibited has not yet arrived. It is likewise permissible to eat Matzah during this meal, for when our Sages forbade eating Matzah on Erev Pesach, this only applies from the morning of the 14th of Nissan (i.e. Shabbat day); however, it is permissible to eat Matzah on the night of the 14th of Nissan.

The Shabbat Morning Meal
Nevertheless, on Shabbat morning, the time when Chametz becomes prohibited will already have arrived (in Jerusalem at approximately 10:15 AM and in New York at approximately 10:30 AM) and one may not eat Chametz during the Shabbat morning meal unless one wakes up early to pray at sunrise on Shabbat morning, in which case there will still be time to get home and have this meal with bread before the latest time to eat Chametz arrives. This is indeed the prevalent custom in many synagogues throughout the Jewish nation in that Shacharit prayers begin very early this Shabbat morning in order to have enough time to eat Chametz during the Shabbat morning meal. (However, eating Matzah during this meal is forbidden since eating Matzah becomes prohibited from sunrise on the morning of Erev Pesach.)

After the meal, one should be careful to store away the Chametz dishes in a designated area and shake out the Chametz crumbs into the trash can outside the house. One should also take care to clean up all Chametz crumbs throughout the house. If there are some pieces of bread left, one should either discard them in a public trash can, flush them down the toilet, or crumble up the pieces so that none of them contain a Kezayit and then discard it in one’s own trash can outside the house.

One must sweep the floor so that not even the smallest amount of Chametz remains and then throw out all these crumbs into the trash can. One should wash one’s hands and mouth well so that not even a crumb of Chametz remains.

After the meal and discarding the Chametz, one should renounce the Chametz by exclaiming: “Any Chametz which is in my possession, which I have seen or I have not seen, which I have destroyed or I have not destroyed, is hereby nullified and should be like the dust of the earth.”

In tomorrow’s Halacha, we will discuss some good ideas regarding this coming Shabbat’s meals.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Washing One’s Hands with Water from the Mediterranean Sea and Water Which has been Desalinated

Question: If one is at the beach and wishes to eat bread but has no water to wash one’s hands with, may one wash one’s hands using the water of the sea or ocean? Salty Water Answer: Regarding the laws of washing one’s hands for a bread meal, the Mishnah and Gemara teach us that......

Read Halacha

Immersing One’s Hands in Sea Water

We have explained in the previous Halacha that if one is on the beach and wishes to eat bread, one may not gather some sea water in a vessel and wash one’s hands, for sea water is salty and thus invalid for Netilat Yadayim. Immersing One’s Hands in a Spring, the Sea, or a Mikveh Howe......

Read Halacha

Washing One’s Hands in the Restroom

Question: Is it permissible to wash one’s hands (Netilat Yadayim) in the restroom or shower room? Answer: Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Chapter 4) rules that one who exits the restroom requires Netilat Yadayim. Maran Ha’Chida writes that this is because of the evil spirit which rests......

Read Halacha

Listening to Music or Words of Torah in a Room Which Has a Bathtub or Shower in it

Question: May one recite holy words (words of Torah, prayer, or blessings) in a room with a bathtub or shower in it? Similarly, may one listen to holy songs or Torah lectures in such a room? Answer: There are two primary points which must be addressed: Firstly, whether or not one who is bathing a......

Read Halacha


The Eight Levels of Tzedakah

The Rambam (Chapter 10 of Hilchot Matenot Aniyim) writes that there are eight levels included in the Mitzvah of Tzedakah with each one being greater than the other. The highest level of Tzedakah is by helping to support a Jew who lacks his basic needs by providing him with money by means of a gif......

Read Halacha

The Mitzvah of Tzedakah and Donating a Tenth of One’s Earnings

By popular demand, we shall now discuss the topics of Tzedakah and donating a tenth of one’s earnings more broadly based on the words of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch and the Poskim and based on what is written in the works of Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l on this topic. Question: ......

Read Halacha

Food Items Touched by One Who Did Not Wash One’s Hands in the Morning

In the past, we have explained the obligation for one to wash one’s hands from a vessel every morning upon awakening from his sleep. We have also explained that when one awakens from one’s sleep in the morning, an evil spirit rests on one’s hands, for sleep is considered one-six......

Read Halacha

Question: Are those who customarily donate a tenth of their monthly income to Tzedakah permitted to deduct the cost of providing for their children still living at home from the sum of this ten percent?

Answer: We have previously discussed that one must donate a certain amount of Tzedakah annually. It is a “middle” level for one to give a tenth of one’s monthly profits every month. Now let us deal with our question regarding those who donate a tenth of their monthly profits to Tze......

Read Halacha