Halacha for Thursday 1 Shevat 5781 January 14 2021

The Law Regarding a Woman Who Forgets to Recite the Blessings of the Torah

We have explained in the previous Halacha that if one forgets to recites the Blessings of the Torah and only realizes this after one has concluded Shacharit prayers, one may no longer recite these blessings, for one has already fulfilled his obligation with the “Ahavat Olam” blessing recited before Keri’at Shema since this blessing likewise discusses the idea of Torah study, similar to the Blessings of the Torah.

According to most Rishonim, women are exempt from reciting Keri’at Shema, for this is a positive, time-bound Mitzvah (for one is not obligated to recite Keri’at Shema at all times, only in the morning and in the evening) and women are exempt from most positive, time-bound Mitzvot. Nevertheless, Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Chapter 70, Section 1) writes that it is preferable for women to act somewhat stringently and accept the yoke of Heaven by reading the first verse of Keri’at Shema daily.

According to the Sephardic custom, a woman who wishes to perform a Mitzvah she is exempt from, such as Keri’at Shema, may not recite a blessing before performing it. Thus, women do not recite the Blessings of Keri’at Shema, i.e. the blessings of “Yotzer Or,” “Ahavat Olam,” and “Ga’al Yisrael,” while reciting Hashem’s name and kingship (Elokeinu).

Let us now return to our topic. If a woman has recited the Blessings of Keri’at Shema without the name of Hashem and later realizes that she has forgotten to recite the Blessings of the Torah, she may indeed still recite the Blessings of the Torah, for she does not share the same law as a man who has forgotten to recite these blessings and is exempt by reciting the “Ahavat Olam” blessing since she has not mentioned the name of Hashem and any blessing that does not contain Hashem’s name and kingship is not halachically considered a blessing. She must therefore recite the Blessings of the Torah whenever she realizes that she has forgotten to, even after the conclusion of Shacharit prayers. If she realizes that she has forgotten to recite these blessings before reciting Keri’at Shema, she may recite the Blessings of the Torah before beginning Keri’at Shema or between the chapters of Keri’at Shema, as we have explained regarding a man who has forgotten these blessings in the previous Halacha.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

The “Asher Yatzar” Blessing vs. Birkat Hamazon

Question: In the previous Halacha, we have discussed if one becomes obligated to recite an after-blessing on food and before he does so, he uses the facilities and becomes obligated to recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing, one should recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing first and......

Read Halacha

Question: If one becomes obligated to recite an after-blessing after eating any food (for instance, by eating a Kezayit, approximately twenty-seven grams, of fruit) and before reciting the after-blessing, one used the facilities and becomes obligated to recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing, which blessing must one recite first: Should one first recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing or the after-blessing on the food one ate?

Answer: This question has already been discussed by the Maharshal (Rabbeinu Shlomo Luria, one of the foremost Acharonim who lived approximately five-hundred years ago in Eastern Poland and authored the Sefer Yam Shel Shlomo and others) in his responsa (Chapter 97) and writes that if one becomes obli......

Read Halacha

Reciting Birkat Hamazon in the Place One Has Eaten

Question: Is one obligated to recite Birkat Hamazon specifically where one has eaten bread or may one recite this blessing elsewhere? Answer: One who eats a bread meal must recite Birkat Hamazon in the place where one has eaten and one may not go to a different place and recite the blessing there......

Read Halacha

Havdala on Motza’ei Shabbat Which Coincides with Tisha Be’av and the Laws of an Ill Individual Who Must Eat on Tisha Be’av

On years during which Tisha Be’av falls out on Motza’ei Shabbat, such as this year, 5781, there are three opinions among the Rishonim regarding how Havdala should be recited on a cup of wine on Motza’ei Shabbat. The first opinion is that of the Geonim who write that one should r......

Read Halacha


The Laws of Motza’ei Tisha Be’av and the Tenth of Av

Following halachic nightfall on Tisha Be’av which is approximately twenty minutes after sunset (somewhat later in the United States), one is permitted to eat and drink. It is customary to recite Birkat Ha’Levana (blessing on the new moon) following Arvit prayers on Motza’ei Tisha B......

Read Halacha

When Av Begins, We Diminish Our Joy

Yesterday, Shabbat, we marked Rosh Chodesh Av. Next Sunday (beginning from Motza’ei Shabbat), will mark Tisha Be’av. May Hashem soon switch this month to one of joy and celebration. The Jewish Nation’s Fortune During the Month of Av Although we customarily implement some mourn......

Read Halacha

Tisha Be’av Falls Coincides With Motza’ei Shabbat- Clothing for Tisha Be’av

The Baraita in Masechet Ta’anit (30a) states that our Sages prohibited five things on Tisha Be’av: Eating and drinking, washing one’s self, rubbing one’s self with oils or lotions, wearing leather shoes, and marital relations. Our Sages said (Ta’anit 30b): “One......

Read Halacha

Reciting Birkat Hamazon While Travelling by Car

Question: If one is eating while travelling by car, may one recite Birkat Hamazon while continuing to travel? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have explained that our Sages have instituted that one must recite Birkat Hamazon while seated in order for one to have optimum concentration while bles......

Read Halacha