Halacha for Sunday 28 Cheshvan 5784 November 12 2023

Praying Mincha After Accepting Shabbat

Today's Halacha is dedicated for the merit and protection of
All Our Dear Soldiers
May Hashem give them strength and courage to vanquish our enemies and may they return home safe and sound amid health and joy. May Hashem protect all the captives and have mercy upon them so that no harm befalls them and may they be released quickly, Amen!
* * * * * * * * * *

Question: If when I arrived at the synagogue on Friday evening, I realized that the congregation had already accepted Shabbat (through Kabbalat Shabbat), however, the sun had not yet set. May I still pray Mincha for Friday?

Answer: Let us first discuss the basis of this question, as delineated by the Poskim.

One Who Answers “Baruch Hashem Ha’Mevorach
The great Mordechi (Shabbat, Chapter 2, Section 296) writes that one who has not yet prayed Mincha on Erev Shabbat by the time the congregation reaches Arvit of Shabbat eve, and one answers “Baruch Hashem Ha’Mevorach” with the rest of the congregation, one may no longer pray Friday’s weekday Mincha prayer, for one has already accepted the sanctity of Shabbat. This individual would therefore be required to recite the Amida prayer of Arvit of Shabbat twice.

This means that when the congregation reaches Amida of Arvit of Shabbat, one should pray with them, and when one is finished, one should pause for a few seconds, take three steps forward, and pray the Arvit Amida again in compensation for Mincha.

Thus, if one arrives late to the synagogue on Friday evening without having prayed Mincha yet and sees that the Chazzan is about to recite “Barechu Et Hashem Ha’Mevorach” prior to Arvit, one should make sure not to answer “Baruch Hashem Ha’Mevorach” in order not to lose one’s ability to pray Mincha. Rather, one should remain silent and then immediately pray Mincha.

Several Rishonim concur, including the Sefer Agudah (end of Chapter 2 of Shabbat, Section 50) who writes, as follows:

“The Gedolim write that one who has not yet prayed Mincha on Erev Shabbat and finds the Chazzan about to recite “Barechu” should not answer “Baruch Hashem Ha’Mevorach” with the congregation, for if one does so, one will not be able to pray Mincha of Erev Shabbat any longer and one will have to pray Arvit of Shabbat twice.”

The Poskim, among them Maran zt”l (Chazon Ovadia, Shabbat- Volume 1, page 295) rule accordingly.

One Who Arrives at the Synagogue After Kabbalat Shabbat
Regarding our question where one arrives at the synagogue after the congregation concludes reciting “Mizmor Shir Le’Yom Ha’Shabbat” which serves as an acceptance of Shabbat, if one has not yet prayed Mincha, one may not do so inside the synagogue since the congregation has already accepted the sanctity of Shabbat. Rather, one may exit the synagogue and pray his weekday Mincha outside or in a side room.

One Who Arrives at the Synagogue at the Beginning of Kabbalat Shabbat
If one arrives at the synagogue at the beginning of Kabbalat Shabbat, one may begin one’s own Mincha prayer inside the synagogue although one knows that the congregation will reach “Mizmor Shir Le’Yom Ha’Shabbat” or “Bo’ee Kallah” before one is finished. (Chazon Ovadia ibid. page 298)

Summary: One who arrives at the synagogue after the congregation has already recited “Mizmor Shir Le’Yom Ha’Shabbat” and one has not yet prayed Mincha of Erev Shabbat, one must exit the synagogue and pray Mincha outside. If the congregation has already begun Arvit and one answered “Baruch Hashem Ha’Mevorach” with them, one may no longer pray Mincha and one must pray the Shabbat Arvit Amida prayer twice to compensate.

8 Halachot Most Popular

Parashat Ki Tetze

Gathered from the teachings of Maran Rebbeinu Ovadia Yosef ztzvk”l (from the years 5744-5772) (written by his grandson HaRav Yaakov Sasson Shlit”a) (translated by our dear friend Rav Daniel Levy Shlit”a, Leeds UK) Ellul is the Time to Engage in Battle Against the Yetzer Hara, ......

Read Halacha

Eating Cake on Shabbat Morning

Today's Halacha is dedicated for the merit and protection of All Our Dear Soldiers May Hashem give them strength and courage to vanquish our enemies and may they return home safe and sound amid health and joy. May Hashem protect all the captives and have mercy upon them so that no harm befalls......

Read Halacha

 The “Shehecheyanu” Blessing

Our Sages teach us (Eruvin 40b) that one should recite the “Shehecheyanu” blessing upon seeing a new fruit that renews once a year. Even if one sees this fruit in the hands of another person or on the tree, one should recite the “Shehecheyanu” blessing. Nevertheless, the P......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Blood Found in Eggs

Blood in Eggs Blood found in eggs is forbidden for consumption, for this blood indicates the beginning of the embryotic development of the chick and this chick has the halachic status of “fowl” whose blood is forbidden for consumption by Torah law; thus, the opinion of the Rosh and Tosa......

Read Halacha


Parashat Terumah

From HaGaon Rav Zevadia HaCohen Shlit”a, The Head of the Batei Din in Tel Aviv (translated by our dear friend Rav Daniel Levy Shlit”a, Leeds UK) The Difference Between Moshe and Betzalel [Understanding Why Betzalel Was Able to Make the Menorah, Whilst Moshe Couldn’t] This Sh......

Read Halacha

The Proper Method for Reciting Blessings

During the days preceding Tu Bishvat, we have discussed some laws of blessings. We shall now discuss the law that the food must be in front of the individual before reciting a blessing, for this is the first law in reference to the laws of blessings. Waiting Until the Food is Brought Before the I......

Read Halacha

The Scent of Lemon

Question: If one smells the pleasant scent of a lemon, which blessing should one recite? Answer: The Gemara (Berachot 43b) states: “Mor Zutra said: One who smells the fragrance of an Etrog  (citron), or a quince recites the blessing of ‘Baruch Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melech Ha’......

Read Halacha

Parashat Vayechi

From HaGaon Rav Zevadia HaCohen Shlit”a, The Head of the Batei Din in Tel Aviv (translated by our dear friend Rav Daniel Levy Shlit”a, Leeds UK) The Power of a Good Word In the weekly Parashah, Yaakov Avinu gathered his sons and blessed them before he passed away, as the Torah sta......

Read Halacha