Halacha for Thursday 25 Shevat 5782 January 27 2022

Preparing Tea on Shabbat

In the previous Halacha, we have explained that one may squeeze a lemon Shabbat by hand, as opposed to using a utensil, for squeezing lemons does not share the same Halacha as squeezing other fruits on Shabbat. We have also mentioned that Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that even though according to the letter of the law it is permissible to squeeze lemons on Shabbat, it is preferable to follow the more stringent opinion regarding squeezing lemons into an empty vessel. Therefore, one should first put some sugar into the vessel and only then squeeze the lemon over it, such that the lemon juice will be absorbed by the sugar on contact. In this way, it will be permissible to squeeze lemons on Shabbat according to all opinions.

Maran zt”l writes, however, that although with regards to the prohibition of squeezing on Shabbat one may in fact squeeze lemons on Shabbat, if one squeezes a lemon into tea or any other boiling food on Shabbat, one may be transgressing the prohibition of cooking on Shabbat since the lemon juice becomes cooked upon coming in contact with the tea or the hot food. Thus, one who wishes to prepare tea with lemon on Shabbat should follow the following procedure: Before preparing the tea, one should pour the boiling water into an empty cup thus giving the water the halachic status of “Keli Sheni” (second vessel), meaning that the water is no longer in the “Keli Rishon” (first vessel) that it was boiled in; were it to be in a “Keli Rishon”, it would cause whatever comes in contact with it to be cooked. Once the water is in a “Keli Sheni,” one may then pour this water over the tea essence and lemon juice found in a “Keli Shelishi” (third vessel).

Regarding the aforementioned way of preparing tea through pouring the water from a “Keli Sheni” onto the tea, lemon, and sugar found in another cup, one may even prepare tea using a tea bag that was not pre-cooked on Erev Shabbat, for pouring from a “Keli Sheni” onto tea leaves does not cause a form of cooking that is prohibited on Shabbat. Although one may not place tea leaves directly into the “Keli Sheni” itself on Shabbat for a “Keli Sheni” does cause tea leaves to be cooked, nevertheless, pouring the hot water from a “Keli Sheni” onto tea leaves is permitted for this does not cause the kind of cooking forbidden on Shabbat. G-d-willing, we shall explain the laws of cooking on Shabbat further a different occasion.

Ask the Rabbi

8 Halachot Most Popular

The Proper Way to Immerse Vessels in a Mikveh

One must make certain that there is nothing separating between the vessel one is immersing and the waters of the Mikveh. Thus, when one is immersing a vessel, one must hold the vessel loosely, for if one holds it tight, one’s hand will be separating between the vessel and the waters of the Mik......

Read Halacha

Reading Scripture at Night

Question: May one read chapters of Tanach or Tehillim at night or is this forbidden according to Kabbalah? Is there room for leniency when this reading is being done for the sake of an ill individual or a woman in labor? Answer: Maran Ha’Chida in his Responsa Yosef Ometz (Chapter 54) quotes......

Read Halacha

Question: Do disposable vessels and electric kettles require immersion in a Mikveh?

Answer: In the previous Halachot, we have discussed the general law that any new vessels purchased from a non-Jew must be immersed in a Mikveh before using them. We shall now discuss whether or not disposable vessels require immersion. We have already explained that according to Maran zt”l,......

Read Halacha

Drinking Beverages in a Café or in a Home Where the Vessels have not been Immersed in a Mikveh

Question: May one drink coffee in a friend’s home or in a Café (such as an espresso without milk served in Cafes) when they are not meticulous about immersing their vessels in a Mikveh? Answer: In the Halachot discussed before Tisha Be’av, we have explained that vessels produc......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Fire on Yom Tov

In previous Halachot we have explained that Yom Tov and Shabbat are equal regarding all prohibitions besides for certain works associated with food preparation, such as cooking, which are permitted on Yom Tov. Igniting a Flame One may not produce a new fire on Yom Tov, for instance by striking a......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Cooking on Yom Tov

In the previous Halacha, we have explained that although Shabbat and Yom Tov are equal in their prohibition to perform work on them and it is therefore a Torah prohibition to drive a car on Yom Tov, nevertheless, certain works associated with food preparation, such as cooking and frying, are permitt......

Read Halacha

Barechu Et Hashem Ha’Mevorach

Question: When the Chazzan recites “Barechu Et Hashem Ha’Mevorach” and the congregation responds “Baruch Hashem Ha’Mevorach Le’Olam Va’ed,” must one rise and bow or is this unnecessary? Answer: Regarding the obligation to rise while answering &ldquo......

Read Halacha

Which Vessels Require Immersion in a Mikveh-Continued

In previous Halachot, we have explained that vessels purchased from a non-Jew, such as those produced outside of Israel, require immersion in a Mikveh before using them. We have also discussed which types of vessels require immersion and which do not. We shall now continue discussing this topic. ......

Read Halacha