Halacha for Monday 22 Shevat 5782 January 24 2022

The Prohibition of Threshing and Squeezing on Shabbat

We have explained several times that there are thirty-nine “primary works” that are prohibited on Shabbat. Every “primary work” is composed of “subdivisions” which are works similar to the “primary work”; these “subdivisions” also carry a Torah prohibition when being performed on Shabbat.

One of the “primary works” prohibited on Shabbat is threshing. Threshing is the act of separating the grain (for instance a wheat or barley kernel) from its stalk. The “subdivision” of the forbidden work of threshing is squeezing, for when one squeezes a fruit, one is also “separating” its juice from the fruit similar to threshing. This too is a Torah prohibition.

The Torah, however, only prohibits the squeezing of olives and grapes; squeezing other fruits is only a rabbinic injunction. Our Sages decreed that one may not squeeze any fruits so that people would not come to mistakenly squeeze olives and grapes as well. Nevertheless, our Sages only enacted not to squeeze fruits that some people squeeze for juice, such as berries and pomegranates; however, fruits that people do not usually squeeze for juice anywhere may, in fact, be squeezed on Shabbat. This is because this is not considered separating liquid from solid; rather, it is considered separating solid from solid for since people do not usually squeeze this kind of fruit for its juice, its liquid has the halachic status of a solid and not a liquid. Thus, it is comparable to breaking off a slice of bread from a whole loaf on Shabbat which is surely permissible. This will be explained further in the following Halacha.

Based on the above, one would not be permitted to squeeze pears on Shabbat for there are places in the world where they are squeezed for their juice. Similarly, it would be prohibited to squeeze apples, mangos, pineapples, and the like on Shabbat, for these fruits are commonly squeezed for their juice, thus posing a rabbinic prohibition to squeeze them on Shabbat.

Regarding squeezing oranges on Shabbat, let us recount an incident that occurred to Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l. When Maran zt”l was about twenty-three years old, he would lecture publicly in the holy city of Jerusalem. He was once teaching the laws of squeezing on Shabbat and he taught the audience that one must be careful not to squeeze oranges on Shabbat. Suddenly, a wise man rose and shouted that this is completely permissible and he had already done so many times. Additionally, he claimed that he had squeezed oranges on Shabbat and offered this juice to the great Geonim Harav Shalom Hadaya and Harav Yeshua Palagi and they said nothing to him. Maran zt”l replied that the correct Halacha cannot be extrapolated from the fact that these great sages did not protest his actions, for they were surely occupied with Torah matters and most probably did not realize what he was doing since clearly, any fruit squeezed for its juice in even one place in the world may not be squeezed on Shabbat anywhere else in the world as well. Maran zt”l said this over in front of Hagaon Harav Yaakov Ades zt”l and the latter responded that his words were correct. Other great Torah scholars from Jerusalem agreed with Maran zt”l as well.

Ask the Rabbi

8 Halachot Most Popular

Eating Meat Following Rosh Chodesh Av

The Mishnah in Masechet Ta’anit (26b) tells us that on Erev Tisha Be’av during the last meal one eats before the fast, one may not eat meat, drink wine, or eat two cooked foods, such as rice and an egg. Although the letter of the law dictates that the prohibition to eat meat only applies......

Read Halacha

Laws Pertaining to Tisha Be’av

There are five categories of abstinence which must be observed on Tisha Be’av: Eating and drinking, washing one’s self, rubbing one’s body with oils or lotions, wearing leather shoes, and marital relations. Our Sages also prohibited learning Torah on Tisha Be’av, for the word......

Read Halacha

Havdala on Motza’ei Shabbat Which Coincides with Tisha Be’av and the Laws of an Ill Individual Who Must Eat on Tisha Be’av

On years during which Tisha Be’av falls out on Motza’ei Shabbat, such as this year, 5782, there are three opinions among the Rishonim regarding how Havdala should be recited on a cup of wine on Motza’ei Shabbat. The first opinion is that of the Geonim who write that one should r......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Taking Haircuts During the “Three Weeks"- The Year 5782

The Customary Prohibition of Haircuts As a result of the mourning observed during the “Three Weeks,” the Ashkenazi custom is to abstain from shaving and taking haircuts beginning from the Seventeenth of Tammuz until the Tenth of Av. Nevertheless, the Sephardic custom is not as string......

Read Halacha

Those Who are Obligated and Exempt from the Fast of Tisha Be’av and their Status When Tisha Be’av Falls Out on Motza’ei Shabbat

Someone Ill with a Non-Life-Threatening Illness, An Elderly Person, and a Woman who has Recently Given Birth One who is ill (meaning when one is actually bedridden and the like, even if the illness is not life-threatening) is exempt from fasting on Tisha Be’av. When in doubt about one’s......

Read Halacha

When Av Begins, We Diminish Our Joy

This coming Friday will mark Rosh Chodesh Av. Next Shabbat will mark Tisha Be’av, however, since fast days are prohibited on Shabbat (besides for Yom Kippur), Tisha Be’av will be observed next Motza’ei Shabbat and Sunday. May Hashem soon switch this month to one of joy and celebrat......

Read Halacha

Frying Fish in a Meat Pot, Baking Fish and Meat in the Same Oven, and Maran zt”l’s Custom

There is a well-known prohibition of eating fish and meat together, as discussed by the Gemara and Poskim. Cooking Fish in a Meat Pot Although it is prohibited to cook a dairy dish in a meat pot as we have discussed in a previous Halacha, nevertheless, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writ......

Read Halacha

The Laws of the Last Meal Before the Fast of Tisha Be’av on Shabbat

On Erev Tisha Be’av, our Sages prohibited eating meat and drinking wine during the last meal before the onset of the fast of Tisha Be’av held after halachic midday. They likewise forbade eating two cooked foods during this meal.  Nevertheless, this year, 5782, since the fast of T......

Read Halacha