Halacha by Keyword:
Halacha by Subject:
 
Halacha For - Thursday ,  - March 26, 2015

The Pesach Seder-Kadesh

The famous order of the Seder of the eve of Pesach, Kadesh, Urchatz, Karpas, Yachatz, Magid, Rochtza, Motzi, Matzah, Maror, Korech, Shulchan Orech, Tzafun, Barech, Hallel, Nirtzah, was established by the pious Rashi. The entire Jewish nation customarily follows this order on the night of Pesach, as is printed in all Machzorim and Haggadot. Thank G-d, nowadays, there are many revised editions of the “Passover Haggadah” available that clearly delineate the proper way to conduct the entire Pesach Seder. Anyone who is leading a Pesach Seder would act wisely to purchase a Haggadah compiled according to the views of the leading rabbinical authorities of the generation. (We suggest using the Pesach Haggadah entitled “Chazon Ovadia” which was authored by Maran Rabbeinu zt”l and has since been printed several times in several new and beautiful editions. This Haggadah is especially helpful through its instruction on how to properly lead a Pesach Seder.)

Which Wine to Purchase for the Seder
The wine upon which one blesses “Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen” during the Seder and all year round must halachically consist of at least a majority of actual grape juice (some are more stringent and require more than this amount). Wine that has a large amount of water or sugar mixed in it does not retain the blessing of “Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen”, rather, its blessing is “Shehakol Nihya Bidvaro” just as it is simple that soft drinks which contain approximately ten percent grape juice require the “Shehakol” blessing. One should therefore purchase only wine which is known to retain the “Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen” blessing even according to the opinion of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch.

There are certain wineries in Israel that are known to only produce wine that consists of mostly grapes, either for Kashrut or quality purposes. This includes: “Carmel-Mizrahi” winery, “Ramat Ha’Golan” winery, and “Kastel” winery, among others, and the blessing on these wines is “Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen” without a shadow of a doubt. Additionally, all wines produced under the supervision of Sephardic Kashrut organizations retain the blessing of “Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen” without a doubt.

Grape Juice
If it is difficult for one to drink wine at the Seder, one may drink grape juice and one satisfactorily fulfills one’s obligation of drinking the Four Cups in this way. If one acts stringently and uses specifically wine or wine mixed with some grape juice, one is especially praiseworthy.

The Amount of Wine One Must Drink
The amount of wine one must drink during the Seder is one “Revi’it” per cup, which is approximately 81 cc (or 2.8 fluid ounces) per cup to be drunk without interruption, which means that one must drink all 81 cc in one shot (meaning without interruption) for every cup drunk. However, if one drinks only a majority of a Revi’it which is approximately 45 cc (or approximately 1.5 fluid ounces), one has fulfilled one’s obligation and need not drink that cup again.

An Ill Individual
One who has difficulty drinking an entire Revi’it of wine and acts leniently and only drinks a majority of a Revi’it every time should be careful at least for the third or fourth cup to drink an entire Revi’it so that one may recite the “Al Ha’Gefen” blessing afterwards. (This is because regarding the “Al Ha’Gefen” blessing, which is the blessing recited after drinking wine, a majority of a Revi’it is insufficient to recite this blessing.)

Summary: One should only purchase wine with a respectable Kashrut supervision which upholds the Sephardic customs as well. If one cannot drink wine, one may drink grape juice instead. One should drink the four cups of wine based on the order set forth in the Haggadah. For every cup, one should drink at least 2.8 fluid ounces of wine. If it is very difficult for one to drink, one may be lenient and drink only a majority of a Revi’it, i.e. approximately 1.5 ounces. (One should, nevertheless, drink an entire Revi’it for the third or fourth cup.)               


   
  Recent Halachot
The Pesach Seder-Kadesh
Steeped Matzah and Pesach Cakes and Cookies
Chametz Mixtures and Pet Food
Dried Fruits and Touching Chametz on Pesach
Koshering Tables and Countertops
The Blessing of the Trees on Shabbat
The Laws of the Blessing of the Trees
The Blessing of the Trees
Chametz Which Becomes Inedible Before Pesach
The Laws of Koshering Vessels for Pesach-Continued
The Laws of Koshering Vessels for Pesach
Silver Vessels
Some Detailed Laws Regarding Kitniyot (Legumes) on Pesach
The Laws of Chametz and Kitniyot (Legumes) on Pesach
Caution Regarding Chametz Issues

Page of 54
Next>>
808 Halachot found

  15 Most Popular Halachot
Megillah Reading-The Proper Procedure for One Who Has Missed Hearing a Portion of the Megillah
The Proper Time to Light Chanukah Candles
The Laws of Chametz and Kitniyot (Legumes) on Pesach
The Custom of the “Commemoration of the Half-Shekel”
The Obligation of Women Regarding Chanukah Candles
The Laws of the Holiday of Sukkot
The Pesach Seder-Kadesh
The Laws of the Blessing of the Trees
Erev Yom Kippur
Listening to Music during the “Three Weeks”
The Laws of Hearing Parashat Zachor
The Laws of Mishloach Manot
Searching for and Renouncing Chametz
The Fast of Esther This Year (5774)
The Eruv Tavshilin One Should Make this Year (Rosh Hashanah-5775) and the Laws of Showering on Yom Tov