Halacha for Thursday 12 Nissan 5781 March 25 2021

Setting the Table for the Seder Night

This year (5781), the Seder night will fall out on Motza’ei Shabbat.

Since Halacha dictates that one may not prepare for the holiday on Shabbat, it is therefore forbidden to set the table on Shabbat, which is Erev Pesach, for the Seder night. Only once approximately twenty minutes have passed after sunset on Motza’ei Shabbat (i.e. nightfall) may one begin preparing for the Seder.

If there is great need to prepare the table, flatware, Maror, and the like before nightfall on Motza’ei Shabbat, for instance, if there are many family members and guests, one may begin setting up for the Seder immediately at sunset.

This year, when Motza’ei Shabbat is the first night of Pesach, the special “Va’Todi’enu” text is inserted into the Arvit Amida prayer and can be found in all Machzorim. This text discusses Havdala (the distinction) between the sanctities of Shabbat and Yom Tov. If one forgets this text and remembers in the middle of the blessing, one should go back and insert it. If one has already concluded this blessing, one does not return to insert this text since one will later recite Havdala in Kiddush, as we shall soon explain.

If a woman forgets to insert the “Va’Todi’enu” text into her Arvit prayer, before lighting Yom Tov candles, she should recite the following blessing, without Hashem’s name: “Baruch Ha’Mavdil Ben Kodesh Le’Kodesh.” She may then proceed to light the Yom Tov candles.

During Kiddush of the Seder night this year (5781), one must also add Havdala. The order of Kiddush for the Seder night is, as follows:

Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen,” “Mekadesh Yisrael Ve’Hazemanim,” “Boreh Me’orei Ha’esh” (on a candle), “Ha’Mavdil Ben Kodesh Le’Kodesh,” and finally, “Shehecheyanu”. The unique text for this Kiddush can be found in all Pesach Machzorim and Haggadot. (One may recite the “Boreh Me’orei Ha’esh” blessing on the Yom Tov candles.)

On behalf of the entire “Halacha Yomit” team, we would like to wish our members and the entire Jewish nation a very joyous, healthy, and kosher Passover holiday. Just as our forefathers were redeemed from Egypt during the month of Nissan, may Hashem likewise usher in our Ultimate Redemption. May we merit eating from the Paschal lamb and other offerings through the coming of our righteous King Mashiach, Amen!

Tizku Le’Shanim Rabbot Ne’imot Ve’Tovot!

Ask the Rabbi


ספר אביר הרועים - בית מידות
ספר אביר הרועים
לפרטים לחץ כאן

הלכה יומית מפי הראש"ל הגאון רבי יצחק יוסף שליט"א

דין ברכת שפטרנו מעונשו של זה
לחץ כאן לצפייה בשיעורים נוספים

Recent Halachot

"תנא דבי אליהו כל השונה הלכות בכל יום מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא"

נדה ע"ג א'

8 Halachot Most Popular

Eating and Washing One’s Self Yom Kippur

Some Laws of Yom Kippur All are obligated to fast on Yom Kippur, including pregnant and nursing women. Any woman whose health is at risk due to the fast should consult a prominent Torah scholar who is well-versed in these laws and he should render his ruling whether or not she must fast. One whose ......

Read Halacha

Motza’ei Yom Kippur

Adding From the Mundane Onto the Holiness One must add some of the mundane weekday onto the holiness of Yom Kippur upon its exit, i.e. one should not end this holy day immediately with nightfall; rather, one should wait another few minutes. Thus, it is prohibited to eat or perform work on Motza&rsq......

Read Halacha

The Obligation to Eat in the Sukkah

Since there is not so much time left to discuss the laws of Sukkot, let us now spend the next few Halachot discussing some pertinent Halachot for the upcoming Sukkot holiday. A Meal of an Established Character Throughout the entire Sukkot holiday, both during the night and day, it is prohibited ......

Read Halacha

Reciting Selichot Alone, Without a Minyan

Question: If one is unable to recite Selichot with a Minyan (quorum of at least ten Jewish men) for whatever reason or if a woman wishes to recite Selichot and she cannot do so with a Minyan, may one recite the Selichot texts alone or should one abstain from doing so? Answer: If one wishes to rec......

Read Halacha


The Laws of Eating a Kezayit of Bread in the Sukkah on the First Night of Sukkot and One who is Uncomfortable in the Sukkah

In the previous Halacha we have discussed that one may not eat an established meal outside of the Sukkah anytime during the Sukkot holiday. One must be aware that the reward for the Mitzvah of Sukkah is that it protects one during turbulent times (see Zohar, Parashat Tetzaveh). The Mitzvah of......

Read Halacha

The Custom of “Tashlich”

Following Mincha services of the first day of Rosh Hashanah, it is customary to go to a seashore, river, well, or pit in order to recite the order of “Tashlich.” If there is no river, lake, or pond in close proximity of one’s vicinity, it is likewise perfectly acceptable to recite ......

Read Halacha

The Proper Behavior for the Days of Rosh Hashanah-The Custom of Maran zt”l

It is customary to eat red meat and sweet foods on the days of Rosh Hashanah, as the verse in Nechemia states, “Go eat fatty foods and drink sweet beverages and sent gifts of food to those who do not have, for the day is sanctified to our Lord.” One may not fast at all on Rosh Hashana......

Read Halacha

Blowing the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah

It is a positive Torah commandment to hear the Shofar blasts on the day of Rosh Hashanah, as the verse states, “It shall be a day of [Shofar] blasts for you.” One may not speak between the various sets of Shofar blasts and certainly not during the blasts themselves. The Poskim disagree r......

Read Halacha