Halacha for Thursday 12 Nissan 5781 March 25 2021

Setting the Table for the Seder Night

This year (5781), the Seder night will fall out on Motza’ei Shabbat.

Since Halacha dictates that one may not prepare for the holiday on Shabbat, it is therefore forbidden to set the table on Shabbat, which is Erev Pesach, for the Seder night. Only once approximately twenty minutes have passed after sunset on Motza’ei Shabbat (i.e. nightfall) may one begin preparing for the Seder.

If there is great need to prepare the table, flatware, Maror, and the like before nightfall on Motza’ei Shabbat, for instance, if there are many family members and guests, one may begin setting up for the Seder immediately at sunset.

This year, when Motza’ei Shabbat is the first night of Pesach, the special “Va’Todi’enu” text is inserted into the Arvit Amida prayer and can be found in all Machzorim. This text discusses Havdala (the distinction) between the sanctities of Shabbat and Yom Tov. If one forgets this text and remembers in the middle of the blessing, one should go back and insert it. If one has already concluded this blessing, one does not return to insert this text since one will later recite Havdala in Kiddush, as we shall soon explain.

If a woman forgets to insert the “Va’Todi’enu” text into her Arvit prayer, before lighting Yom Tov candles, she should recite the following blessing, without Hashem’s name: “Baruch Ha’Mavdil Ben Kodesh Le’Kodesh.” She may then proceed to light the Yom Tov candles.

During Kiddush of the Seder night this year (5781), one must also add Havdala. The order of Kiddush for the Seder night is, as follows:

Boreh Peri Ha’Gefen,” “Mekadesh Yisrael Ve’Hazemanim,” “Boreh Me’orei Ha’esh” (on a candle), “Ha’Mavdil Ben Kodesh Le’Kodesh,” and finally, “Shehecheyanu”. The unique text for this Kiddush can be found in all Pesach Machzorim and Haggadot. (One may recite the “Boreh Me’orei Ha’esh” blessing on the Yom Tov candles.)

On behalf of the entire “Halacha Yomit” team, we would like to wish our members and the entire Jewish nation a very joyous, healthy, and kosher Passover holiday. Just as our forefathers were redeemed from Egypt during the month of Nissan, may Hashem likewise usher in our Ultimate Redemption. May we merit eating from the Paschal lamb and other offerings through the coming of our righteous King Mashiach, Amen!

Tizku Le’Shanim Rabbot Ne’imot Ve’Tovot!

Ask the Rabbi


ספר אביר הרועים - בית מידות
ספר אביר הרועים
לפרטים לחץ כאן

הלכה יומית מפי הראש"ל הגאון רבי יצחק יוסף שליט"א

דין ברכת שפטרנו מעונשו של זה
לחץ כאן לצפייה בשיעורים נוספים

Recent Halachot

"תנא דבי אליהו כל השונה הלכות בכל יום מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא"

נדה ע"ג א'

8 Halachot Most Popular

The Order for Lighting Shabbat and Chanukah Candles

There is a disagreement among the Rishonim as to the order of lighting Shabbat and Chanukah candles on Erev Shabbat Chanukah. The Ba’al Halachot Gedolot (commonly referred to as “Behag”) is of the opinion that Chanukah candles must be lit before Shabbat candles because women cu......

Read Halacha

Lighting the Chanukah Candles

The Mitzvah of Lighting Chanukah Candles There is a Mitzvah to light Chanukah candles throughout all eight nights of Chanukah (beginning from next Sunday night). The Sephardic custom is to light one set of Chanukah candles per house. The Ashkenazi custom, however, is that every member of the househ......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Boarders, Guests, Soldiers, and Yeshiva Students Regarding Chanukah Candles

Question: If one will be away from home as a guest during Chanukah, how should one act regarding lighting Chanukah candles? Similarly, what is the law regarding a soldier who will be at his military base during Chanukah? Answer: If one is away from home during the holiday of Chanukah and stays a......

Read Halacha

A Guest On Motza’ei Shabbat Chanukah

Question: If one is staying as a guest at one’s parents’ or in-laws’ home for Shabbat Chanukah, where should one light Chanukah candles on Motza’ei Shabbat? Answer: Regarding a married individual who is staying as a guest at his father’s home, according to the Sephar......

Read Halacha


The Laws of Married Children Staying with Their Parents and One Staying in a Hotel

In the previous Halacha, we have explained that although one who has no one lighting on his behalf at home (for instance, because he has no family or because his family is with him) and is staying as a guest in a friend’s home on Chanukah should have been obligated to light candles in one&rsqu......

Read Halacha

“Al Ha’Nissim”

Starting from the Arvit prayer on the first night of Chanukah (this year, 5782, starting from tonight, Sunday night) “Al Ha’Nissim” is added in the Amida in the middle of the Blessing of Thanksgiving (“Modim Anachnu Lach etc.) as it is printed in all Siddurim. Even if mos......

Read Halacha

Hallel on Chanukah as it Pertains to Women

Question: Since women are obligated to light Chanukah candles, does this mean that they are likewise obligated to recite the Hallel every morning of Chanukah as well? Answer: Women are exempt from all positive, time-bound Mitzvot, such as eating in the Sukkah, taking the Lulav, and hearing the Sh......

Read Halacha

Havdala Without Besamim and a Candle

Question: One Motza’ei Shabbat when we were on vacation in the summer, we were not able to procure Besamim (a fragrant object) and a candle. Is it permissible to recite the order of Havdala without Besamim and a candle? Answer: This law is discussed by the Gemara (Berachot 53a): “Rav ......

Read Halacha