Halacha for Sunday 28 Elul 5781 September 5 2021

Laws of Rosh Hashanah

Since time is short, let us discuss some pertinent laws of Rosh Hashanah.

  1. Candles are lit in honor of Rosh Hashanah as they are in honor of every Shabbat and Yom Tov. The blessing of “Asher Kideshanu Be’Mitzvotav Ve’Tzivanu Le’Hadlik Ner Shel Yom Tov” is recited prior to lighting.
     
  2. Some women customarily recite the “Shehecheyanu” blessing while lighting Yom Tov candles. It is nevertheless preferable not to recite this blessing while lighting candles as they will fulfill their obligation to recite this blessing through Kiddush recited by the head of the household. (See Chazon Ovadia- Yamim Nora’im, page 62)
     
  3. During the entire period of the Ten Days of Repentance beginning from Rosh Hashanah through Yom Kippur, the “Ata Kadosh” blessing is concluded with the words “Ha’Melech Ha’Kadosh” and not “Ha’el Ha’Kadosh” as one usually would. If one mistakenly recited “Ha’el Ha’Kadosh,” one must return to the beginning of the Amida prayer.
     
  4. During the Amida prayers of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur within the “Ata Kadosh” blessing, four paragraphs, each beginning with the word “Uv’chen,” are inserted. There are great secrets included in this according to the Kabbalah. The text of this blessing is completely different than during the rest of the year. If after reciting the words “Uk’doshim Be’chol Yom Yehalelucha Selah,” one continues this blessing as usual and says the words “Baruch Ata Hashem,” one should conclude the blessing with the words “Ha’Melech Ha’Kadosh” and then continue the Amida as usual (with the “Ata Bechartanu” blessing). The reason for this is because the “Uv’chen” paragraphs and all other additions to the “Ata Kadosh” blessing do not hinder one’s prayer if one has not recited them.
     
  5. The prevalent Jewish custom already from the times of the Talmud is to eat certain symbolic fruits and vegetables on Rosh Hashanah (see Keritut 6a) which represent good and auspicious things for the coming year. After reciting Kiddush and eating a Kezayit of bread, one should begin the order of eating these symbolic foods.
     
  6. Since dates, one of the seven species of fruits that the Land of Israel was praised with, are one of these symbolic foods, one should begin by reciting the “Boreh Peri Ha’etz” blessing on a date and eating some of it. One should then recite, “May it be Your will, Hashem, our G-d and the G-d of our fathers, that our enemies, haters, and all those who seek our harm cease to exist” and then proceed to eat more of it. The “Boreh Peri Ha’etz” blessing recited on the date will exempt any other fruits one eats from reciting a blessing on them.
     
  7. Some people customarily eat these symbolic foods and do not recite the “Yehi Ratzon” text before eating them. According to the Mekubalim, this is incorrect, for the prayer text recited before eating these symbolic foods is what causes the Heavenly abundance to be aroused. Indeed, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l would recite the “Yehi Ratzon” texts from within a Rosh Hashanah Machzor in a joyful manner.
     
  8. When one states, “Our enemies, haters, and all those who seek our harm cease to exist,” it is imperative that one not think about one’s Jewish enemies, even if they are terribly sinful before Hashem. On this day, one should pray that all sinners of Israel repent fully before Hashem. Indeed, the Gemara recounts that Abba Chilkiya had neighbors who were extremely wicked people and once, at the time of a drought in Israel, Abba Chilkiya prayed for rain on one side of the house and he was not answered. His wife, however, stood praying on the other side of the house and people noticed rain clouds coming from her direction. The reason why her prayers were answered more was because while her husband prayed that his enemies should die, she would pray for them to repent. (Chemdat Yamim, Month of Elul, Chapter 6)

Ask the Rabbi


ספר אביר הרועים - בית מידות
ספר אביר הרועים
לפרטים לחץ כאן

הלכה יומית מפי הראש"ל הגאון רבי יצחק יוסף שליט"א

דין ברכת שפטרנו מעונשו של זה
לחץ כאן לצפייה בשיעורים נוספים

Recent Halachot

"תנא דבי אליהו כל השונה הלכות בכל יום מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא"

נדה ע"ג א'

8 Halachot Most Popular

The Laws of Mentioning “Mashiv Ha’Ruach”

We Begin Reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” is a praise we recite to Hashem during the winter months within the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” blessing of the Amidah as is printed in all Siddurim. We begin recitin......

Read Halacha

A Rainbow

One Who Looks at a Rainbow Our Sages (Chagiga 16a) state: “The eyes of one who gazes at a rainbow are dimmed, as the verse (Yechezkel 1) states, ‘Like the appearance of a rainbow in the clouds on a rainy day, so is the radiance around and this is the appearance of the glory of Hashem.&r......

Read Halacha

Things Which Cause Forgetfulness

Five Things Which Cause One to Forget What He Has Learned The Gemara (Horayot 13b) states: “Our Sages taught: Five things cause one to forget the Torah one has learned: One who eats food which a cat or mouse have eaten from, one who eats the heart of an animal, one who eats olives regularly, ......

Read Halacha

Must One Recite a Blessing Before Merely Tasting a Food?

We have already discussed several times that regarding the laws of Blessings of Enjoyment recited before eating that there is no limit for reciting a blessing before eating, meaning that no matter what amount of food or beverage one eats or drinks, one must still recite a blessing. The reason for th......

Read Halacha


Question: At what point does it become permissible to speak after reciting a blessing on food? Is one permitted to speak immediately after placing the food in one’s mouth and tasting the food’s flavor or must one wait until one swallows the food?

Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Berachot (40a) and Rashi ibid. state that one may not speak in between reciting a blessing on food and eating it because this constitutes an interruption between the blessing and the eating and there is no longer any connection between them, as we have discussed severa......

Read Halacha

The Laws of One Who Forgets to Mention “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar” in the “Blessing of the Years”

In the previous Halacha, we have discussed in a general manner that our Sages enacted that beginning from the Seventh of Marcheshvan (outside of Israel from the Fourth or Fifth of December), one begins reciting “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar” (a request for dew and rain) in the “B......

Read Halacha

When the Sanctity of Shevi’it Will Apply to Fruits and Vegetables and More on “Heter Mechira”

In the previous Halachot we have explained that any produce grown in Jewish-owned fields in the Land of Israel this year (5782) retain the sanctity of Shevi’it. We have likewise discussed the ramifications of this sanctity and the proper way to treat such produce. This sanctity rests even on f......

Read Halacha

Eating and Washing One’s Self Yom Kippur

Some Laws of Yom Kippur All are obligated to fast on Yom Kippur, including pregnant and nursing women. Any woman whose health is at risk due to the fast should consult a prominent Torah scholar who is well-versed in these laws and he should render his ruling whether or not she must fast. One whose ......

Read Halacha