Halacha for Tuesday 26 Av 5779 August 27 2019

“Al Ha’Michya” vs. “Al Michyatah”

Question: In the “Al Ha’Michya” after-blessing, should one conclude the blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya Ve’al Ha’Kalkala” or just “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya”? Furthermore, when is the “Al Michyatah” text inserted?

Answer: After eating an olive’s volume (approximately twenty-seven grams) of Mezonot items such as cakes, cookies, pasta, and the like, one must recite the “Al Ha’Michya” after-blessing.

The Poskim disagree regarding the concluding words of the blessing. Should one recite “Baruch Ata Hashem Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” or should one add the words “Ve’al Ha’Kalkala” as well?

Maran Ha’Bet Yosef (Chapter 208) quotes the Sefer Mitzvot Gadol who maintains that one should merely recite “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” as opposed to “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya Ve’al Ha’Kalkala.” He writes that this is likewise the opinion of the Rambam in addition to that of the Sefer Mitzvot Gadol.  

Indeed, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l (in his Responsa Yabia Omer, Volume 8, Chapter 11 and Halichot Olam, Volume 2, page 121) quotes the opinions of the various Poskim on this matter and proves that it is incorrect to conclude this blessing with the words “Ve’al Ha’Kalkala,” for this is not the text of the blessing quoted in the Gemara or most Rishonim, both Sephardic and Ashkenazi. Hagaon Harav Shneur Zalman of Liadi (author of the Tanya), Hagaon Harav Moshe Feinstein (in his Igrot Moshe, Yoreh De’ah Volume 3, Chapter 179, Subsection 4), and many other great Poskim rule likewise.

Regarding the second question when one should conclude the blessing with the words “VeAl Michyatah”: When one eats Mezonot items made from flour grown in Israel, one must conclude the “Al Ha’Michya” blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Michyatah.” Nowadays, even in Israel, it is almost impossible to find any products made from Israeli flour, for most Israeli products are made from imported flour. Thus, one should conclude the blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” as opposed to “VeAl Michyatah” unless one knows for certain that the product is made using Israeli flour, such as certain brands of Israeli Shemura Matzah made from specially guarded wheat grown specifically in Israel.

Summary: One should conclude the “Al Ha’Michya” blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” unless one knows that the product is made from flour grown in Israel in which case one will substitute the last word “Ha’Michya” for “Michyatah.”

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Taking Haircuts and Shaving During the Omer Period

Abstaining from Taking Haircuts During the Omer It has become customary among the Jewish nation to refrain from taking haircuts during the Omer counting period: According to the Ashkenazi custom, until the 33rd day of the Omer and according to the Sephardic custom, until the morning of the 34th day......

Read Halacha

Producing Sound and Whistling on Shabbat

The Gemara in Masechet Eruvin (104a) tells us that our Sages banned producing sound on Shabbat and Yom Tov, for instance, by playing a musical instrument, for they were concerned that while the tune is being played, the player will come to fix the instrument. This decree would certainly apply eve......

Read Halacha

Clapping and Drumming on a Table on Shabbat and Yom Tov

The Gemara in Masechet Beitzah (30a) states that one may not drum, clap, or dance on Shabbat lest one come to fix a musical instrument (ibid. 36b). This means that just as we have discussed in the previous Halachot that our Sages have decreed that one may not play musical instruments on Shabbat ......

Read Halacha

Toys Which Produce Sound and those Which Operate Using a Spring or Coil

Question: Is it permissible for one to allow one’s young children to play with toys which produce sound, such as a doll which makes noise when shaken, on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have discussed the prohibition of producing sound on Shabbat, such as by banging on a board, ......

Read Halacha


Praying in Pajamas

Question: Can one pray while wearing pajamas? Answer: Approximately one week ago, we have discussed that, before praying, one must prepare a fitting place, proper attire, and cleanse one’s body and thoughts, as the verse in the book of Amos states, “Prepare yourself before your G-d, I......

Read Halacha

Praying Barefoot

Question: May one pray while wearing sandals or while one is barefoot? Answer: When one prays, one must prepare one’s environment, clothing, body, and thoughts accordingly, for one will be standing before the King of all kings. Respectable Garments While Praying The Gemara (Shabbat 9b) ......

Read Halacha

Question: How many “Kezayit”s (olive’s volume) of Matzah must one consume during the Pesach Seder?

Answer: One is obligated to eat altogether three “Kezayit”s of Matzah during the Pesach Seder. Every Kezayit amounts to approx. 30 grams of Matzah. Nevertheless, there is room for stringency to eat four or even five “Kezayit”s of Matzah, as we shall now explain. The Order......

Read Halacha

Kissing One’s Parents’ Hands on Shabbat Night- The Students of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai

Question: Should one kiss the hands of one’s parents and receive a blessing from them on Shabbat night and does the same apply equally to one’s father and mother? Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Avodah Zarah (17a) tells us that when Ulah (a sage who lived during the Talmudic era) would......

Read Halacha