Halacha for Wednesday 16 Sivan 5779 June 19 2019

Dairy Baked Goods-Small Batches

In the previous Halacha, we have explained that our Sages forbade kneading and baking a bread dough with milk, for there is concern that others may mistakenly eat this bread with meat. Similarly, one may not bake a bread dough mixed with meat ingredients so that others do not come to eat it with dairy.

We have mentioned the opinion of the Shulchan Aruch and other Poskim who rule that the above will be permissible if there is a noticeable distinction in the shape of the dough such that people will realize that the bread is dairy or if one is baking only a small amount.

Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Yoreh De’ah, Chapter 97) rules, as follows: “One may not knead a dough with milk lest one mistakenly eat it with meat. However, if the amount is small enough for eating it in one sitting, this is permissible.”

Maran in his Bet Yosef quotes the words of Rabbeinu Yitzchak of Düren Sha’are Dura (Chapter 35) who writes that there is no prohibition regarding those breads baked in honor of Shabbat together with meat dishes in the same oven since this is considered a small amount and is eaten quickly on Shabbat.

Thus, according to Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch, a small amount of dough that is permitted to be kneaded with milk (or meat) ingredients refers to an amount eaten during one single meal in which case no one will mistakenly eat the bread with meat since those eating know it is dairy. However, if this bread will last for a longer time, there is then the concern that others may eat this bread with meat.

Nevertheless, the Rama writes in his Torat Chatat that a small amount refers to an amount eaten in one day and not specifically in one meal. He proceeds to write in his gloss on the Shulchan Aruch that it is customary to knead dough with milk for the Shavuot holiday or dough with animal fat in honor of Shabbat as all of this is considered a small amount.

The Kaf Ha’Chaim writes that according to the Rama, it is permissible to bake dairy or meat breads or baked goods when one intends to eat them within one day. However, according to Sephardic and Middle Eastern Jews who have accepted the rulings of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch, this would only be permissible when these baked goods are eaten in one sitting/meal.

Furthermore, when we speak of one meal, this refers to all who are joining in the meal and it will be permissible to bake an amount of dairy baked goods that will suffice for all diners partaking of this meal.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Taking Haircuts and Shaving During the Omer Period

Abstaining from Taking Haircuts During the Omer It has become customary among the Jewish nation to refrain from taking haircuts during the Omer counting period: According to the Ashkenazi custom, until the 33rd day of the Omer and according to the Sephardic custom, until the morning of the 34th day......

Read Halacha

Producing Sound and Whistling on Shabbat

The Gemara in Masechet Eruvin (104a) tells us that our Sages banned producing sound on Shabbat and Yom Tov, for instance, by playing a musical instrument, for they were concerned that while the tune is being played, the player will come to fix the instrument. This decree would certainly apply eve......

Read Halacha

Toys Which Produce Sound and those Which Operate Using a Spring or Coil

Question: Is it permissible for one to allow one’s young children to play with toys which produce sound, such as a doll which makes noise when shaken, on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have discussed the prohibition of producing sound on Shabbat, such as by banging on a board, ......

Read Halacha

Clapping and Drumming on a Table on Shabbat and Yom Tov

The Gemara in Masechet Beitzah (30a) states that one may not drum, clap, or dance on Shabbat lest one come to fix a musical instrument (ibid. 36b). This means that just as we have discussed in the previous Halachot that our Sages have decreed that one may not play musical instruments on Shabbat ......

Read Halacha


Praying in Pajamas

Question: Can one pray while wearing pajamas? Answer: Approximately one week ago, we have discussed that, before praying, one must prepare a fitting place, proper attire, and cleanse one’s body and thoughts, as the verse in the book of Amos states, “Prepare yourself before your G-d, I......

Read Halacha

Praying Barefoot

Question: May one pray while wearing sandals or while one is barefoot? Answer: When one prays, one must prepare one’s environment, clothing, body, and thoughts accordingly, for one will be standing before the King of all kings. Respectable Garments While Praying The Gemara (Shabbat 9b) ......

Read Halacha

Question: How many “Kezayit”s (olive’s volume) of Matzah must one consume during the Pesach Seder?

Answer: One is obligated to eat altogether three “Kezayit”s of Matzah during the Pesach Seder. Every Kezayit amounts to approx. 30 grams of Matzah. Nevertheless, there is room for stringency to eat four or even five “Kezayit”s of Matzah, as we shall now explain. The Order......

Read Halacha

Kissing One’s Parents’ Hands on Shabbat Night- The Students of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai

Question: Should one kiss the hands of one’s parents and receive a blessing from them on Shabbat night and does the same apply equally to one’s father and mother? Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Avodah Zarah (17a) tells us that when Ulah (a sage who lived during the Talmudic era) would......

Read Halacha