Halacha for Tuesday 23 Shevat 5782 January 25 2022

Squeezing Oranges onto Fruit Salad on Shabbat

In the previous Halacha, we have explained that the Torah prohibits squeezing olives for their oil or grapes for wine on Shabbat. The squeezing of other fruits is not a Torah prohibition; rather our Sages enacted that one may not squeeze other fruits such as berries and pomegranates on Shabbat. We have also mentioned that fruits that are not squeezed anywhere in the world for their juice may indeed be squeezed on Shabbat. The reason for this is because the basis for the prohibition of squeezing fruits on Shabbat is only because this resembles the forbidden act of threshing in that separating juice from a fruit is similar to separating a wheat kernel from its stalk. However, when one squeezes a fruit not usually squeezed for its juice at all, its juice does not have the halachic status of “liquid” to consider it as if one is separating liquid from a solid. Rather, this liquid retains the halachic status of a “solid” and thus, when one squeezes this kind of fruit on Shabbat, it is considered as if one is separating one solid from another which is clearly permissible on Shabbat.

The Gemara in Masechet Shabbat (145a) says that one may squeeze a cluster of grapes into a bowl with food inside it, for the liquid that comes out of the grapes immediately turns into a solid form and the Torah only prohibits changing a solid into a liquid by squeezing the liquid out of the solid; however, if it was originally a solid and immediately upon being squeezed it retains its solid state by being absorbed by the food, the prohibition of squeezing does not apply. The rationale here is the same as above that the Torah only prohibits squeezing when it is similar to the forbidden work of threshing which is the separation of wheat kernels from their stalk, i.e. only when a liquid is separated from a solid. However, if it is only a solid being separated from a solid, this is tantamount to separating a slice of bread from the rest of the loaf which is surely not a violation of the forbidden work of threshing. Clearly though, this would only apply when there is more food present than the juice being squeezed onto it such that the juice would be absorbed by the food. However, if the juice is not absorbed and merely floats on top of the food, this would be considered separating liquid from solid and would be forbidden on Shabbat, as we have explained above.

Based on this, one would be permitted to squeeze an orange onto a crushed apple or banana to feed to a baby or squeeze an orange into a fruit salad and the like on Shabbat. However, it would not be permissible to squeeze an orange into a cup with two or three teaspoons of sugar in it in a way that there would be more juice than sugar (when the juice rises over the sugar), for we now see a liquid before us and this is included in the prohibition of squeezing. Furthermore, squeezing a fruit into an empty vessel with the intention of later pouring the juice into a food is also be forbidden, for it is only permitted to do so in a way where the liquid is immediately absorbed into a solid.

Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that one may only squeeze a fruit onto a food on Shabbat if one is doing so using one’s bare hands and not with any utensil, even if this is being done directly into food. Squeezing into an empty bowl or cup is clearly forbidden, even by hand. (The reason for why using a utensil to squeeze is forbidden in any case will, G-d willing, be explained a different time).

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Eating Meat Following Rosh Chodesh Av

The Mishnah in Masechet Ta’anit (26b) tells us that on Erev Tisha Be’av during the last meal one eats before the fast, one may not eat meat, drink wine, or eat two cooked foods, such as rice and an egg. Although the letter of the law dictates that the prohibition to eat meat only applies......

Read Halacha

Laws Pertaining to Tisha Be’av

There are five categories of abstinence which must be observed on Tisha Be’av: Eating and drinking, washing one’s self, rubbing one’s body with oils or lotions, wearing leather shoes, and marital relations. Our Sages also prohibited learning Torah on Tisha Be’av, for the word......

Read Halacha

Havdala on Motza’ei Shabbat Which Coincides with Tisha Be’av and the Laws of an Ill Individual Who Must Eat on Tisha Be’av

On years during which Tisha Be’av falls out on Motza’ei Shabbat, such as this year, 5782, there are three opinions among the Rishonim regarding how Havdala should be recited on a cup of wine on Motza’ei Shabbat. The first opinion is that of the Geonim who write that one should r......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Taking Haircuts During the “Three Weeks"- The Year 5782

The Customary Prohibition of Haircuts As a result of the mourning observed during the “Three Weeks,” the Ashkenazi custom is to abstain from shaving and taking haircuts beginning from the Seventeenth of Tammuz until the Tenth of Av. Nevertheless, the Sephardic custom is not as string......

Read Halacha


Those Who are Obligated and Exempt from the Fast of Tisha Be’av and their Status When Tisha Be’av Falls Out on Motza’ei Shabbat

Someone Ill with a Non-Life-Threatening Illness, An Elderly Person, and a Woman who has Recently Given Birth One who is ill (meaning when one is actually bedridden and the like, even if the illness is not life-threatening) is exempt from fasting on Tisha Be’av. When in doubt about one’s......

Read Halacha

When Av Begins, We Diminish Our Joy

This coming Friday will mark Rosh Chodesh Av. Next Shabbat will mark Tisha Be’av, however, since fast days are prohibited on Shabbat (besides for Yom Kippur), Tisha Be’av will be observed next Motza’ei Shabbat and Sunday. May Hashem soon switch this month to one of joy and celebrat......

Read Halacha

The Laws of the Last Meal Before the Fast of Tisha Be’av on Shabbat

On Erev Tisha Be’av, our Sages prohibited eating meat and drinking wine during the last meal before the onset of the fast of Tisha Be’av held after halachic midday. They likewise forbade eating two cooked foods during this meal.  Nevertheless, this year, 5782, since the fast of T......

Read Halacha

Tisha Be’av Which Coincides With Motza’ei Shabbat- Clothing for Tisha Be’av

The Baraita in Masechet Ta’anit (30a) states that our Sages prohibited five things on Tisha Be’av: Eating and drinking, washing one’s self, rubbing one’s self with oils or lotions, wearing leather shoes, and marital relations. Our Sages said (Ta’anit 30b): “One......

Read Halacha