Halajá para lunes 15 Shevat 5782 17 enero 2022

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

BIRKAT HAMAZON SENTADO

Pregunta:  Está permitido pronunciar Birkat Hamazon mientra se camina o es necesario sentarse?

Respuesta: Del Talmud (Berajot 51ª) se concluye que el Birkat Hamazon se debe pronunciar sentado, y así lo dictamina Maran (Sh. Aruj cap. 183).

El motivo por el cual Birkat Hamazon se debe pronunciar sentado, evidentemente, es que al sentarse se puede obtener mayor concentración al pronunciar la bendición.

Esta exigencia no rige en las demás bendiciones pues son de origen rabínico en tanto que Birkat Hamazon es un precepto de la Torá y por eso posee mayor exigencia.

Sin embargo, podemos objetar que también la lectura de la Shema es un precepto de la Torá y aún así se puede realizar mientras está parado o caminando.

Responden los Tosafot y otras autoridades de la primera época que el motivo de ello es que el precepto de lectura de la Shema se cumple con el primer versículo de la misma, el cual debe leerse sentado, en tanto que en el caso del Birkat Hamazon las tres primeras bendiciones son precepto de la Torá.

En conclusión, el Birkat Hamazon debe pronunciarse necesariamente sentado como lo legisla el Shuljan Aruj.

Pregunta al Rav


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