Halajá para lunes 1 Shevat 5782 3 enero 2022

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

NETILAT YADAIM SI TOCA LOS PIES DE UN NIÑO

Como hemos visto oportunamente, la persona que toca una de las partes cubiertas de su cuerpo, por ej. el hombro, el muslo, etc. debe realizar una “netilat yadaim” -lavado de manos-.

Rabí Yosef Hayim z”l en su obra Tora Lishma cap. 14 escribe que no es suficiente con lavar el dedo o la zona de la mano con que tocó el lugar cubierto sino debe lavar toda su mano. Y así lo dictamina también el Mishna Berurá cap. 613.

No es necesario realizar una “netilat yadaim” ritual, sino alcanza con lavar las manos bajo el el chorro de agua del grifo. De todas formas, si tocó las plantas del pie es apropiado que sí realice una netilat yadaim (ver al respecto Yebia Omer tomo 5 cap. 1 inc.5).

Ahora, discurrieron las autoridades rabínicas sobre los niños pequeños, los que pueden vestir enteritos o pantaloncitos cortos, especialmente en verano si un mayor les toca las piernas  ¿se considera que está tocando un lugar cubierto o debido a que se trata de un niño que en general viste de esa forma no se considera un lugar del cuerpo cubierto? Por supuesto esto no incluye si toca los pies ya que los mismospor lo general están sucios o sudados y en este caso sin dudas debe realizar una netilat yadaim.

En conclusión, el Hazon Ish era sumamente estricto al respecto, en tanto que Rabí Ben Tzion Aba  Shaul z”l consideraba que se puede actuar al respecto con mayor tolerancia y así lo oímos de nuestro maestro Rabí Ovadia Yosef z”l y en general así es la costumbre reinante.

Pregunta al Rav


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