Halajá parajueves 15 Cheshvan 5780 noviembre 13 2019

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

COLOCACIÓN DE TRAMPAS EN SHABBAT

Pregunta: Está prohibido colocar trampas para cazar animales en shabbat?

Respuesta: Como vimos en la entrega anterior, existe una prohibición de la Torá en Shabbat de cazar animales, así como existe una prohibición, independiente de la anterior de matar cualquier ser vivo en Shabbat.

Por lo tanto, si coloca una trampa e inmediatamente queda atrapado un animal, trasgrede esta prohibición, pues la misma aplica incluso si caza por medio de una trampa, no sólo con sus manos.

Aún así, si el animal cae en la trampa después de un tiempo, dentro de Shabbat, no se trasgrede esta prohibición en Shabbat ya que la misma se produce en forma indirecta, la caza del animal no se atribuye directamente al hombre.

Explican los Tosafot (tratado de Shabbat 17ª) que de todas formas prohíben los rabinos colocar trampas en Shabbat pues existe la posibilidad que sea atrapado un animal en forma inmediata y se estaría trasgrediendo la prohibición de la Torá. Y así lo legisla Maran (Sh. Aruj cap. 252 inc. 1).
Por lo tanto, está definitivamente prohibido colocar trampas para cazar animales en Shabbat.

Sin embargo, está permitido colocar las trampas la víspera de Shabbat (ver Sh. Aruj ib.) pues los sabios permiten comenzar cualquier actividad prohibida la víspera de Shabbat para que la misma continúe haciéndose en shabbat, como colocar ropa la víspera de Shabbat en la lavadora etc. aún cuando continúa lavando en Shabbat.

En conclusión, se puede colocar una trampa la víspera de Shabbat para que cazar animales incluso si estos quedan atrapados en Shabbat.

En la próxima entrega veremos la halajá sobre las trampas para cazar ratones en Shabbat.

Pregunta al Rav


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