Halajá para domingo 27 Sivan 5779 30 junio 2019

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

LOS TRES PASOS PREVIOS A LA AMIDA

Ram”a (Sh. Aruj cap. 95) cita la opinion del Rokeaj según la cual antes de comenzar la plegaria de la amidá se deben dar tres pasos hacia atrás, regresar los tres pasos y comenzar la plegaria. Esto es una actitud de acercamiento y preparación hacia el precepto de la plegaria, así como Moisés atravesaba tres dimensiones, Joshej, anan vaarael antes de hablar con el Eterno.

Sin embargo, la obra Eliahu Rabba escribe que no es necesario proceder así ya que esta costumbre no se encuentra en el Talmud ni en mayoría de las grandes autoridades. El Mishna Berurá escribe que, de hecho la mayoría de las personas así procede. Incluso Rabí Yosef Hayim z”l el Ben Ish Hay le atribuye un motivo según la cabbala

Hay quien escribe que esta costumbre tiene sentido para aquellas personas que se hallan en su casa o en la casa de estudios y al llegar el tiempo de la tefilá se levantan para rezar, sin embargo aquellos que vienen caminando a la sinagoga o casa de estudios para rezar ya caminaron en honor de la plegaria y por lo tanto no son necesarios los tres pasos previos a la amidá. Agrega a esto el Peri Megadim que aún cuando probablemente esto sea correcto, de todas formas si se pueden dar lo tres pasos sin ningún tipo de esfuerzo, es apropiado hacerlo.

A los efectos halájicos, aún cuando la mayoría de las personas acostubra a dar los tres pasos, la mayoría de las grandes autoridades sefaraditas, incluyendo a nuestro maestro Rabí Ovadia Yosef z”l no solían hacerlo, apoyándose en Maran quien no cita esta costumbre.

Pregunta al Rav


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