Halajá para domingo 6 Tammuz 5780 28 junio 2020

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

BIRCAT SHEEHEYANU

Pregunta: Cuando se debe pronunciar esta bendición?

Respuesta: Según el Talmud (Berajot 54) es preciso pronunciar la bendición de “sheeheyanu” cuando se adquiere algún utensilio u objeto nuevo, por ej. una ropa.

De hecho, tanto el Rashb”a como el Ro”sh establecen que al adquirir una ropa nueva se debe pronunciar esta bendición ya que la misma se refiere a la alegría que produce la compra del objeto, en este caso la ropa nueva. Y así lo dictamina Maran (Sh. Aruj cap. 223).

Sin embargo, las últimas autoridades halájicas que en la actualidad se deriva la mayor alegría no con la compra sino la primera vez que lo utiliza. Por lo tanto, escribe el Ben Ish Hay (Parashta Ree, 1) que se debe pronunciar esta bendición cuando viste la prenda por primera vez. Y adhiere a esta opinión nuestro maestro R. Ovadia Yosef z”l, pues se trata de una bendición que depende de la costumbre generalizada.

En cuanto a qué tipo de ropa es preciso bendecir, el Talmud arriba mencionada hace referencia a una ropa o utensilios que se compran, es decir, y así lo concluyen los tosafot, que de la misma manera que una casa es algo importante (aún cuando no pronunciamos la bendición de sheeheyanu sobre una casa nueva) la ropa que se adquiere debe ser importante como para alegrarlo y justificar esta bendición. Por ello, no se pronuncia esta bendición por ej. sobre media, calcetines, camisetas, o camisas simples, sino sobre ropa importantes como trajes, sacos, etc. Sobre artículos de cuero no acostumbramos a pronunciar la bendición de sheeheyanu.

Pregunta al Rav


Las 8 Halajot más populares

The “Asher Yatzar” Blessing vs. Birkat Hamazon

Question: In the previous Halacha, we have discussed if one becomes obligated to recite an after-blessing on food and before he does so, he uses the facilities and becomes obligated to recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing, one should recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing first and......

Para la lectura de la Halajá

Question: If one becomes obligated to recite an after-blessing after eating any food (for instance, by eating a Kezayit, approximately twenty-seven grams, of fruit) and before reciting the after-blessing, one used the facilities and becomes obligated to recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing, which blessing must one recite first: Should one first recite the “Asher Yatzar” blessing or the after-blessing on the food one ate?

Answer: This question has already been discussed by the Maharshal (Rabbeinu Shlomo Luria, one of the foremost Acharonim who lived approximately five-hundred years ago in Eastern Poland and authored the Sefer Yam Shel Shlomo and others) in his responsa (Chapter 97) and writes that if one becomes obli......

Para la lectura de la Halajá

Reciting Birkat Hamazon in the Place One Has Eaten

Question: Is one obligated to recite Birkat Hamazon specifically where one has eaten bread or may one recite this blessing elsewhere? Answer: One who eats a bread meal must recite Birkat Hamazon in the place where one has eaten and one may not go to a different place and recite the blessing there......

Para la lectura de la Halajá

The Laws of Motza’ei Tisha Be’av and the Tenth of Av

Following halachic nightfall on Tisha Be’av which is approximately twenty minutes after sunset (somewhat later in the United States), one is permitted to eat and drink. It is customary to recite Birkat Ha’Levana (blessing on the new moon) following Arvit prayers on Motza’ei Tisha B......

Para la lectura de la Halajá


Havdala on Motza’ei Shabbat Which Coincides with Tisha Be’av and the Laws of an Ill Individual Who Must Eat on Tisha Be’av

On years during which Tisha Be’av falls out on Motza’ei Shabbat, such as this year, 5781, there are three opinions among the Rishonim regarding how Havdala should be recited on a cup of wine on Motza’ei Shabbat. The first opinion is that of the Geonim who write that one should r......

Para la lectura de la Halajá

When Av Begins, We Diminish Our Joy

Yesterday, Shabbat, we marked Rosh Chodesh Av. Next Sunday (beginning from Motza’ei Shabbat), will mark Tisha Be’av. May Hashem soon switch this month to one of joy and celebration. The Jewish Nation’s Fortune During the Month of Av Although we customarily implement some mourn......

Para la lectura de la Halajá

Tisha Be’av Falls Coincides With Motza’ei Shabbat- Clothing for Tisha Be’av

The Baraita in Masechet Ta’anit (30a) states that our Sages prohibited five things on Tisha Be’av: Eating and drinking, washing one’s self, rubbing one’s self with oils or lotions, wearing leather shoes, and marital relations. Our Sages said (Ta’anit 30b): “One......

Para la lectura de la Halajá

Reciting Birkat Hamazon While Travelling by Car

Question: If one is eating while travelling by car, may one recite Birkat Hamazon while continuing to travel? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have explained that our Sages have instituted that one must recite Birkat Hamazon while seated in order for one to have optimum concentration while bles......

Para la lectura de la Halajá