Halajá paraviernes 28 Tammuz 5781 julio 8 2021

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

SOSTENER UN OBJETO EN EL MOMENTO DE LA PLEGARIA

Pregunta: Es permitido sostener el celular durante la plegaria?

Respuesta: Estudiamos en el Talmud (Berajot 23) “No debe la persona sostener los tefilin en sus manos o un rollo de la Torá durante la plegaria. O sea que durante la plegaria de la “amidá” no se debe sostener en las manos los tefilin o rollos de la Tora pues la preocupación por evitar que caigan lo hará desconcentrar de la plegaria. Agrega Shmuel en el citado Talmud, que no sólo estos objetos, tefilin y rollos de la Torá sino incluso un pan, un cuchillo, etc. no se deben sostener en las manos durante la plegaria de la amidá.

Difieren las grandes autoridades respecto a objetos que la persona no se molesta si caen de sus manos. Por ej. la persona que sostiene un paragua y comienza a rezar la plegaria de la amidá.

Según la opinión de Rash”i, que sólo se prohíbe sostener objetos que, como los tefilin o rollos de la Tora se preocupa por evitar que caigan de sus manos, lo mismo ocurre con un cuchillo o pan que refiere Shmuel en al citado Talmud. Sin embargo Rabenu Yona de Gerona (s. XII) escribe que la afirmación de shmuel es sólo descriptiva y por lo tanto ningún objeto se puede sostener en las manos durante la amidá.

Maran (Sh. Aruj cap. 96) se inclina por la opinión de Rash”i que prohíbe asir durante la plegaria objetos que teme que puedan caerse, no aquellos que no le importa si caen como un paraguas, etc.

Con respecto al teléfono celular, al margen de que la persona se preocupa porque no caiga de sus manos, se trata de un elemento que definitivamente apartará la concentración debida en la plegaria. Pues si recibe una llamada en medio de la misma aún cuando no responda se trata de una distracción que afecta incluso a quienes lo rodean. Por ello el teléfono celular debe apagarse antes de comenzar el rezo.

Obviamente se puede sostener en las manos el libro de rezos ya que es necesario para la plegaria.

Pregunta al Rav


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