Halajá paramartes 22 Shevat 5780 febrero 17 2020





Perguna: Está permitido barrer el patio de la casa en Shabbat?

Respuesta: Una de las treinta y nueve actividades prohibidas en Shabbat es la de “bone” –construir- como lo cita el Talmud (Shabbat 102) “aquel que construye aún en una mínima expresión trasgrede esta prohibición”. Es decir que no existe una medida o cantidad para trasgredir esta prohibición.

En cuanto a la definición de “construir”, no se trata sólo de levantar una pared utilizando ladrillos y cemento, sino cualquier arreglo que se realice en el inmueble se incluye en esta prohibición. El Talmud (Shabbat 73) agrega que si se alisa el piso de la casa, esta acción se considera “bone” y se trasgrede la prohibición de la Torá. Por lo tanto, escribe Ramba”m (Leyes sobre Shabbat cap. 10) que la persona que alisa el piso de la casa, llena huecos o allana un montículo de tierra, trasgrede esta prohibición. Concluimos por lo tanto, que está prohibido barrer la casa si el piso es de tierra pues podría rellenar algún hueco del mismo y estaría trasgrediendo la prohibición de construir.

Por lo tanto, definitivamente no se debe barrer un piso de tierra en Shabbat, sólo los pisos de construcción, madera, cerámicas, etc. no se incluyen en esta prohibición y se los puede barrer libremente (ver Hazon Ovadia tomo 2 cap. 277).

Pregunta al Rav

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