Halajá paralunes 8 Tevet 5779 diciembre 16 2018

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

LAS BENDICIONES DE LOS NINOS

Pregunta: ¿Se debe responder amen a la bendicion de un niño pequeño?

Respuesta: Estudia el Talmud (Berajot 53ª) A todos se les responde amen a excepción de los niños pequenos. Y aclara el citado Talmud que esto aplica solo para los momentos de esudio, es decir que no se les responde amen cuando estudian las bendiciones, pero cuando pronuncian una bendición para comer o beber se debe responder amen a la misma.

Esto significa, que, como escribe Maran (Sh. Aruj cap. 215) se le puede ensenar al niño las bendiciones aun cuando se deba pronunciar la misma con el nombre de D-os varias veces, de todas formas es valido hacerlo para que el niño aprenda la bendición, sin embargo no es se debe responder amen a este tipo de bendición de practica, pero a las bendiciones que el niño realiza para comer o beber algo si se debe responder amen, pues pronuncian la bendición para cumplir el precepto de educación que recae básicamente sobre sus padre.

De todas formas, escriben las autoridades halajicas que esto aplica solo si el niño alcanzo la edad de la educación –jinuj-, o sea que posee conciencia del concepto de la bendición y a quien se bendice. Pero lo niños mas pequenos que incluso pueden no estar del todo limpios de sus esfínteres no se contesta amen a sus bendiciones. Nuestro maestro Rabi Ovadia Yosef, z”l, escribe que ante la duda no se responde amen sino a niños a partir de los nueve años.

 

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