Halajá para lunes 1 Shevat 5780 27 enero 2020

ÉSTA HALAJÁ SE EDITA PARA LA ELEVACIÓN DEL ALMA DE

HAJAM YOM TOV YEDID HALEVY BEN ZAKIE Z"L

NEW YORK

TINTURA DEL MANTEL EN SHABBAT

Pregunta: La persona que en Shabbat come frutos rojos, por ej. frutillas, moras, etc. ¿puede limpiarse las manos con una servilleta de tela blanca o se considera esto una trasgersión de la prohibición de teñir?

Respuesta: Escribe el libro Sefer Hayereim cap. 274 (Rabí Eliezer de Metz z”l s. XIII-XXIV) que la persona que come frutos rojos debe cuidarse de no limpiarse las manos con una servilleta blanca ya que estaría tiñiendo la tela, y aún cuando su acción es considerada “mekalkel”, o sea está arruinando algo, no lo construye o embellece, de todas formas transgrede una prohibición de los sabios. Esta opinión es citada por otras grandes autoridades de los primeros tiempos e incluso es legislada por Maran (Sh. Aruj cap. 320 inc. 2) de la siguiente manera: Hay quien opina que la persona que consume frutos rojos debe abstenerse de limpiar sus manos con una tela blanca ya que estaría transgrediendo la prohibición de teñir.

En principio esta legislación es considerada algo sorprendente pues todas las acciones consideradas prohibidas por los sabios, no por la Torá, si las mismas no se realizan intencionalmente, aún cuando la acción prohibida necesariamente resultará –esto se denomina en el lenguaje rabínico “pasik reshe derabanan”- no se considera una acción prohibida. En este caso en que la intención no es la de teñir sino la de limpiarse las manos con la servilleta, no debería el Shuljan Aruj citar esta opinión prohibitiva-.

De todas formas, escribe nuestro maestro Rabí Ovadia Yosef, z”l, que teniendo en cuenta que esta acción es fácilmente evitable, se debe abstener de limpiarse las manos con servilletas blancas si se comió frutos rojos, ya que se trata de una prohibición del sagrado día de Shabbat y es preciso guardar de la mejor forma la santidad de este día.

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