Halacha for Sunday 18 Nissan 5780 April 12 2020

Mentioning “Morid Ha’Tal” and “Barechenu”

The Amida Prayer during the Summer Months
The first day of Pesach marks the end of the rainy season and as such, beginning from the Mussaf prayer of this day, “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” is no longer mentioned in the Amida prayer. Instead, we say: “Ata Gibor Le’Olam Hashem Mechaye Metim Ata Rav Le’Hoshia Morid Ha’Tal.” There are some Ashkenazi communities who do not mention “Morid Ha’Tal” at all in the “Mechaye Ha’Metim” blessing.

Similarly, beginning from the Arvit prayer following the first day of Pesach (outside of Israel, the Arvit prayer following the second day of Pesach), “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar” is no longer recited in the Blessing of the Years; rather, only “Ve’Ten Beracha” is recited. The Sephardic custom is to recite a much longer version of the Blessing of the Years beginning with “Barech Aleinu” during the winter months. During the summer months, this is substituted with the “Barechenu” text.

One who Mistakenly Recites “Mashiv Ha’Ruach
Since rainfall during the summer months is an ominous sign, our Sages teach us (Rosh Hashanah 3b) that if one mistakenly recites “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” during the summer months, he must repeat his prayer.

However, not every situation of mistakenly reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” warrants repeating the entire Amida prayer. This all depends on when one becomes aware of his mistake.

If one remembers that he has recited “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” before finishing the blessing, i.e. before reciting the words “Baruch Ata Hashem Mechaye Ha’Metim,” one should return to the beginning of the blessing (“Ata Gibor”) and recite “Morid Ha’Tal” in the proper place.

If one only becomes aware of his mistake after reciting “Baruch Ata Hashem,” one should end off by reciting the words “Lamedeni Chukecha” (in order for his blessing not to be in vain) and then return to the beginning of the blessing. However, if one only remembers his mistake after concluding the blessing with the words “Mechaye Ha’Metim,” one must begin the Amida prayer anew.

One who Mistakenly Recites “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar Livracha
If one mistakenly recited “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar Livracha” in the Blessing of the Years during the summer months, one must recite the Amida prayer over again. However, this also depends on where one became aware of his error.

If one remembers before concluding the blessing by reciting the words “Mevarech Ha’Shanim,” one should return to the beginning of the blessing and recite the correct version. If one remembers after reciting the words “Baruch Ata Hashem,” one should recite “Lamedeni Chukecha” and then proceed to return to the beginning of the Blessing of the Years.

If one remembers only after he has concluded this blessing, in the middle of any other blessing which follows, or even in the middle of “Elokai Netzor,” one must return to the beginning of the Blessing of the Years and correct his error. Following this, one should continue the rest of the Amida prayer as usual.

However, if one only becomes aware of his mistake after reciting the “Yihyu Le’Ratzon” verse at the conclusion of the Amida prayer (the one following “Elokai Netzor”), one must return to the beginning of the Amida prayer and recite it once again. (See Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim, Chapter 117 and commentaries ibid.)

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

The Customary Order of Rosh Hashanah

It is customary to eat certain symbolic foods during the two nights of Rosh Hashanah which signify good fortune for the entire upcoming year. It is therefore customary to eat black-eyed peas, pumpkin, leek, spinach, dates, pomegranates, apples dipped in honey, and meat of a sheep’s head on the......

Read Halacha

The Blessings on Thunder and Lightning

One who sees lightning recites the blessing, “Baruch Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melech Ha’Olam Oseh Ma’aseh Bereshit.” One who hears thunder recites the blessing, “Baruch Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melech Ha’Olam She’Kocho Ugvurato Maleh Olam.” Until When Can On......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Mentioning “Mashiv Ha’Ruach”

We Begin Reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” is a praise we recite to Hashem during the winter months within the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” blessing of the Amidah as is printed in all Siddurim. We begin recitin......

Read Halacha

Speaking Between Washing One’s Hands and the “Hamotzi” Blessing

Question: Is one permitted to speak between washing one’s hands and reciting the Hamotzi blessing? Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Berachot (42a) states: “Immediately following hand-washing, one must recite the blessing.” The Rishonim disagree as to the explanation of this Gemara......

Read Halacha


Chol Ha’Mo’ed

The days between the first and seventh days (outside of Israel between the second and eighth days) of the Pesach holiday and the days between the first day of Sukkot and the holiday of Shemini Atzeret (outside of Israel between the second day of Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret) are called “Chol Ha&......

Read Halacha

One Who Hears Thunder at Night

Question: If one hears thunder at night while sleeping, may one recite the blessing on thunder without washing his hands? Also, must one recite a blessing on lightning every time one sees it or is once a day sufficient? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have established that one who sees lightni......

Read Halacha

Question: Is speaking between washing one’s hands with Mayim Acharonim and Birkat Hamazon permissible?

Answer: We have already explained that one who eats a bread meal is obligated to wash his hands with a small amount of water before reciting Birkat Hamazon. We have also explained that women are likewise obligated to wash their hands with Mayim Acharonim based on the ruling of Maran Ha’Shulcha......

Read Halacha

Eating and Washing One’s Self Yom Kippur

Some Laws of Yom Kippur All are obligated to fast on Yom Kippur, including pregnant and nursing women. Any woman whose health is at risk due to the fast should consult a prominent Torah scholar who is well-versed in these laws and he should render his ruling whether or not she must fast. One whose ......

Read Halacha