Halacha for Tuesday 8 Sivan 5779 June 11 2019

Some Laws Regarding the Compensatory Prayer and the Laws of Women Regarding the Compensatory Prayer

In the Halachot sent out before Shavuot, we have discussed the general laws of the compensatory prayer which is that if one forgets to pray a certain prayer, one must compensate for this prayer immediately at the end of the following prayer one prays. For instance, if one has forgotten to pray Shacharit, immediately after praying Mincha, one will recite the Amida prayer again as compensation for the missed Shacharit prayer.

We should point out that the law of a compensatory prayer does not only apply to one who has completely forgotten to pray a certain prayer. Rather, it applies even if one has forgotten to mention something in the prayer in a manner that would obligate the individual to repeat the Amida prayer.

For example, if one forgets to add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” into the Shacharit prayer of Rosh Chodesh such that one would be obligated to repeat the Shacharit prayer. Thus, if one remembers that he has forgotten to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” only after the time for Shacharit has passed, this individual may no longer pray Shacharit and he must recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit immediately after having prayed Mincha.

Similarly, if one has forgotten to request “Tal U’Matar” within one’s Amida prayer during the winter months or if one has requested “Tal U’Matar” within one’s Amida prayer during the summer months and one only becomes aware of one mistake after the time for that specific prayer has passed, one must recite a compensatory prayer for such a prayer since it is as if one has not prayed at all.

Let us now discuss the status of women regarding these laws. We have already discussed several times that according to the Sephardic custom, women are not obligated to pray three times a day; rather, they are only obligated to pray once daily.

We have also explained that a woman who customarily always recites the Shacharit prayer and forgets to pray one day and only remembers once the time for Shacharit has already passed must recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit after having prayed Mincha. This means that she will now be required to pray Mincha and then recite a compensatory prayer afterwards for the missed Shacharit.

Based on this, if a woman customarily prays the Shacharit prayer every day and she has forgotten to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” during the Shacharit of Rosh Chodesh and she has only become aware of this once the time for Shacharit has passed, she certainly must compensate for this prayer after having prayed Mincha. Thus, she will now be obligated to pray Mincha and then to recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit after concluding Mincha.

There is nevertheless room for discussion in a situation where a woman has already fulfilled her obligation of praying that day, such as if she has already prayed Shacharit and mentioned “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” within the Amida and then she acts stringently and prays Mincha during which she forgets to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” and she has only become aware of this mistake after the time for Mincha prayers has passed. Must she now pray Arvit in order to be able to recite the compensatory prayer for Mincha or is she not obligated to do so?

Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that indeed, such a woman must repeat her Amida prayer based on the enactment of our Sages, for a woman’s law is equal to a man’s law in this regard. Although she has already prayed Shacharit and thereby fulfilled her obligation of praying that day and only then did she pray Mincha while forgetting to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” or “Tal U’Matar”, she must nevertheless repeat the Mincha prayer since she has accepted the Mincha prayer upon herself although she had been exempt from reciting it to begin with.

Similarly, if she becomes aware that she has forgotten to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” or “Tal U’Matar” only after the time for the specific prayer has passed, the woman is nevertheless obligated to pray the following prayer and she is also obligated to then recite a compensatory prayer for the previous prayer where she had forgotten to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” or “Tal U’Matar”. Thus, if the woman has prayed Shacharit and has forgotten to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” and only realized her mistake after halachic midday when the time for Shacharit has passed, she must pray Mincha just as a man must and she must recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit immediately thereafter.

Summary: If one forgets to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” during one’s Amida prayer on Rosh Chodesh, has inserted “Tal U’Matar” into one’s Amida prayer during the summer months, and the like, one must repeat that Amida prayer. If one becomes aware of one’s error only after the time for that prayer has passed, one must pray a compensatory prayer for that prayer. For instance, if one has prayed Shacharit but has forgotten to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” and one has only become aware of this after the time for Shacharit has passed, one must pray Mincha and immediately thereafter, one must pray a compensatory prayer for the Shacharit one has prayed inadequately. There is no distinction whatsoever between men and women regarding this law.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

The Laws of the Holiday of Sukkot

As per the request of many of our members and as a public service, we shall now list a synopsis of some laws which are essential for the upcoming Sukkot holiday: The Sukkah must be made of three walls and Sechach (the roof). The walls may be made of any material which can withstand a normal wi......

Read Halacha

Laying a Mouse Trap on Shabbat

Question: May one lay a mouse trap on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halachot we have discussed that one of the forbidden works on Shabbat is trapping; one who traps an animal on Shabbat is liable for the Torah prohibition of Shabbat desecration. We have written that if one traps animals which ......

Read Halacha

Setting a Trap on Shabbat

Question: May one set a trap for animals when the trap continues to operate on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have established that one of the thirty-nine works forbidden on Shabbat is trapping. This means that if one traps a living creature on Shabbat, one is liable for Shabbat dese......

Read Halacha

Taking Tylenol, Advil, and Sleeping Pills on Shabbat and the Tenth of Tevet

Question: May one take Tylenol or sleeping pills on Shabbat? Also, may Tylenol be administered to an infant who is running a fever on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halachot we have explained that an individual who is not truly ill (i.e. lying down in bed) may not take medication on Shabbat. We......

Read Halacha


Taking Vitamins and Non-Medication Pills on Shabbat

We have explained in the previous Halachot that our Sages prohibited one who is not truly ill to take medicine on Shabbat. Only if one feels ill throughout his body or must lie down in bed may one take medication to heal one’s self. We have discussed several details regarding this law. Conc......

Read Halacha

Bandages on Shabbat

Question: May one stick an adhesive bandage onto a wound on Shabbat? Answer: Regarding using adhesive bandages on Shabbat, there are three issues we must discuss: The first issue is healing on Shabbat, for as we have already explained in previous Halachot, our Sages have forbidden performing a......

Read Halacha

Taking Medicine on Shabbat

The Laws of Taking Medicine on Shabbat Our Sages teach us in Masechet Shabbat that performing any sort of healing, including taking medication to heal any sort of illness, is forbidden on Shabbat. The reason for this prohibition is because the Sages of the Talmud understood that when one was in dis......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Taking Medicine on Shabbat-Continued

In the previous Halacha, we have explained in general that our Sages enacted that one may not take any sort of medication on Shabbat, for they were concerned that as a result of one’s distress when a family member is ill, one may transgress Torah prohibitions in order to heal him, such as by g......

Read Halacha