Halacha for Tuesday 26 Av 5779 August 27 2019

“Al Ha’Michya” vs. “Al Michyatah”

Question: In the “Al Ha’Michya” after-blessing, should one conclude the blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya Ve’al Ha’Kalkala” or just “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya”? Furthermore, when is the “Al Michyatah” text inserted?

Answer: After eating an olive’s volume (approximately twenty-seven grams) of Mezonot items such as cakes, cookies, pasta, and the like, one must recite the “Al Ha’Michya” after-blessing.

The Poskim disagree regarding the concluding words of the blessing. Should one recite “Baruch Ata Hashem Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” or should one add the words “Ve’al Ha’Kalkala” as well?

Maran Ha’Bet Yosef (Chapter 208) quotes the Sefer Mitzvot Gadol who maintains that one should merely recite “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” as opposed to “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya Ve’al Ha’Kalkala.” He writes that this is likewise the opinion of the Rambam in addition to that of the Sefer Mitzvot Gadol.  

Indeed, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l (in his Responsa Yabia Omer, Volume 8, Chapter 11 and Halichot Olam, Volume 2, page 121) quotes the opinions of the various Poskim on this matter and proves that it is incorrect to conclude this blessing with the words “Ve’al Ha’Kalkala,” for this is not the text of the blessing quoted in the Gemara or most Rishonim, both Sephardic and Ashkenazi. Hagaon Harav Shneur Zalman of Liadi (author of the Tanya), Hagaon Harav Moshe Feinstein (in his Igrot Moshe, Yoreh De’ah Volume 3, Chapter 179, Subsection 4), and many other great Poskim rule likewise.

Regarding the second question when one should conclude the blessing with the words “VeAl Michyatah”: When one eats Mezonot items made from flour grown in Israel, one must conclude the “Al Ha’Michya” blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Michyatah.” Nowadays, even in Israel, it is almost impossible to find any products made from Israeli flour, for most Israeli products are made from imported flour. Thus, one should conclude the blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” as opposed to “VeAl Michyatah” unless one knows for certain that the product is made using Israeli flour, such as certain brands of Israeli Shemura Matzah made from specially guarded wheat grown specifically in Israel.

Summary: One should conclude the “Al Ha’Michya” blessing with the words “Al Ha’aretz VeAl Ha’Michya” unless one knows that the product is made from flour grown in Israel in which case one will substitute the last word “Ha’Michya” for “Michyatah.”

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

A Negligent COVID-19 Patient

Question: If one becomes ill with the Coronavirus due to one’s own negligence to the extent that one becomes bedridden, must this individual recite the “Ha’Gomel” blessing upon recovering? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have explained that one who becomes ill to the po......

Read Halacha

The “Ha’Gomel” Blessing for One Who Has Recovered from the Coronavirus

Question: If one was sick with the Coronavirus but was not in any life-threatening danger and the illness merely caused one to be bedridden, must one recite the “Ha’Gomel” blessing? Answer: In the previous Halacha we explained that there are four types of people that must recite......

Read Halacha

Laws Pertaining to Tisha Be’av

There are five categories of abstinence which must be observed on Tisha Be’av: Eating and drinking, washing one’s self, rubbing one’s body with oils or lotions, wearing leather shoes, and marital relations. Our Sages also prohibited learning Torah on Tisha Be’av, for the word......

Read Halacha

The Laws of the “Ha’Gomel” Blessing

Our Sages enacted that one who has experienced an event in which there was some danger involved must thank Hashem for the goodness which He has bestowed upon him in front of ten men, as we shall soon explain. The Gemara in Masechet Berachot (54a) states: “Rav Yehuda said in the name of Rav:......

Read Halacha


Eating Meat Following Rosh Chodesh Av

The Mishnah in Masechet Ta’anit (26b) tells us that on Erev Tisha Be’av during the last meal one eats before the fast, one may not eat meat, drink wine, or eat two cooked foods, such as rice and an egg. Although the letter of the law dictates that the prohibition to eat meat only applies......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Motza’ei Tisha Be’av and the Tenth of Av

----------------------------- By Popular Request: According to the Sephardic custom, it is permissible to shave, take a haircut, and do laundry immediately at the conclusion of the fast tonight. Ashkenazim customarily rule leniently in this regard. However, this year (5780), when the Tenth of Av fa......

Read Halacha

Eating a Meal on Erev Shabbat

Question: Is one permitted to eat a bread meal after halachic midday on Erev Shabbat (Friday afternoon)? Answer: The Gemara (Gittin 38b) states that there were two wealthy and important families in Jerusalem and both of them sinned to the extent that they were eventually uprooted from the world. ......

Read Halacha

Some Detailed Laws Regarding the Mitzvah of Making a Railing

Approximately two years ago, we have discussed the general parameters of the verse, “And you shall make a railing for your roof and you shall not place blood in your home.” This refers to building a gate or fence around the roof of one’s home so that one does not fall off of it. Th......

Read Halacha