Halacha for Thursday 25 Iyar 5779 May 30 2019

The Laws of a Compensatory Prayer

We have explained that if one forgets to pray a given prayer, one must compensate for it immediately following the next prayer by praying the Amida prayer once again. This is referred to as the compensatory prayer.

Which Prayer Comes First
When one wishes to pray a compensatory prayer, one must first recite the prayer appropriate for that time and only afterwards to recite the Amida again as a compensatory prayer. Thus, if one has forgotten to pray Shacharit and is praying Mincha twice, one should intend for the first Amida prayer to be one’s Mincha prayer and the second Amida as compensation for Shacharit.

If one switched the order of the Amida prayers, even if this was only in one’s thoughts (as opposed to verbally exclaiming so) and even if one did so inadvertently, one has not fulfilled his obligation of reciting a compensatory prayer for Shacharit and one must pray a third time to properly compensate for Shacharit.

Nevertheless, if one has only switched their order mentally, before beginning to pray a third time, it is preferably that one stipulate a donated/voluntary prayer by thinking as follows: “If I am obligated to pray again, the following prayer should be for the obligation of my prayer and if I am not obligated to pray again, the following prayer should be considered a donated/voluntary prayer.” If one has prayed twice one after another without having specific intention regarding which one is the current obligatory prayer and which is the compensatory prayer, one has nevertheless fulfilled one’s obligation.

Although we have written in the previous Halacha that one should not recite voluntary prayers nowadays, nevertheless, when there is a great need to do so, such as in our scenario, one may recite such a prayer while stipulating a voluntary prayer.

Summary: One who has forgotten to pray a certain prayer or was unable to do so because of a situation beyond one’s control must compensate for that prayer. The proper procedure for this is, as follows: If the prayer one has missed is Shacharit, immediately upon concluding Mincha prayers, one should then immediately recite the Amida prayer once again as compensation for the missed Shacharit prayer. One must have in mind that the first Amida is for Mincha prayers and the second Amida is compensation for the missed Shacharit.

The same applies if one has forgotten to pray Mincha in that after the Arvit Amida, one should immediately recite the Amida prayer again as compensation for Mincha. The same applies to the other prayers as well.

 

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

One Who Begins the Amida Prayer and Then Remembers That He Has Already Prayed

Question: What is the appropriate procedure for one has begun to recite the Amida prayer and then suddenly remembers that he has already prayed that specific prayer? Answer: We have already explained that one may pray a voluntary prayer which one is not obligated to as a voluntary prayer and is t......

Read Halacha

Praying Arvit on a Voluntary Basis

We have mentioned in the previous Halacha that if one was in the midst of reciting the Amida prayer and then suddenly remembers that he has already prayed this prayer, one must stop praying immediately, for all of one’s blessings are considered blessings in vain. One may not intend for the rem......

Read Halacha

The Holiday of Shavuot

Regarding the giving of the Torah, the Torah states (Shemot 19): “And they travelled from Refidim and they arrived at the Sinai Desert and they camped in the desert; and Israel camped there opposite the mountain.” Rabbeinu Chaim ben Atar, the saintly “Or Ha’Chaim,” ......

Read Halacha

Laws of the Compensatory Prayer-Continued

In the previous Halachot we have explained that if one forgets to pray a certain prayer, the individual must compensate for the missed prayer by reciting the Amida of the next prayer twice, once for the current obligatory prayer and the second as a compensatory prayer for the prayer one missed. T......

Read Halacha


Some Laws Regarding the Compensatory Prayer and the Laws of Women Regarding the Compensatory Prayer

In the Halachot sent out before Shavuot, we have discussed the general laws of the compensatory prayer which is that if one forgets to pray a certain prayer, one must compensate for this prayer immediately at the end of the following prayer one prays. For instance, if one has forgotten to pray Shach......

Read Halacha

Blessings of Enjoyment and Keri’at Shema on the Night of Shavuot

In the previous Halacha, we have discussed the order of learning for the night of Shavuot during which it is customary to remain awake all night and study Torah. Reading the Order of the “Keri’eh Mo’ed” Let us first discuss that which we have mentioned that it is proper t......

Read Halacha

The Customary Order of the Night of Shavuot

The Source for the Order of the Night of Shavuot The widespread custom among the entire Jewish nation is to stay awake the entire night of Shavuot and immerse one’s self in Torah study until dawn. Indeed, the holy Zohar states: “The earlier righteous individuals would not sleep on this ......

Read Halacha

Sweet Pastries and Dairy Chocolate

In the previous Halachot, we have explained that our Sages prohibited baking bread with milk (or animal fat) mixed in the dough lest others come and eat this bread with meat (or dairy). We have mentioned that if the bread or baked good is baked in a distinct shape which everyone recognizes to be ......

Read Halacha