Halacha for Monday 13 Cheshvan 5779 October 22 2018

The Laws of Changing One’s Location During a Meal-Continued

In the previous Halacha we have discussed the basic laws of changing one’s location during a meal. We have written that if one transfers from one house to another during one’s meal, such as going to visit one’s friend in the adjacent building, this transfer constitutes an interruption and one is obligated to recite a new blessing on the food one eats in the friend’s house.

We have also written that if one moves from one room to another in the same house during the meal, although one should preferably not do so, if one has done so, one does not recite another blessing on the food one is eating. However, if one had in mind to do so when he began eating, it is then perfectly acceptable to do so, as long as one is in one house.

To What Kind of “Meal” Do the Laws of Changing One’s Location Apply
We must point out that regarding all of the laws of changing one’s location during a meal, the Rishonim disagree whether these laws apply equally to anything one is eating or if it depends on the food one is eating. According to many Rishonim, it makes no difference if one was eating a full bread meal or merely some fruit; regardless, if one transfers from one house to another, one must recite another blessing. Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch rules likewise in Chapter 178.

Nevertheless, the Rosh and other Rishonim write that the laws of changing location during a meal apply only to one who is eating fruit and the like; since one is leaving the place where one started his meal, one has thus concluded his meal and must recite a new blessing. However, if one is eating bread, since according to the law even if one has left one’s original location, one must return there to recite Birkat Hamazon, it is not sufficient for one to leave one’s original place in order for it to be considered that one has concluded his meal, for he must return to his original location in any event. Therefore, the Rosh rules that the laws of changing location only apply to foods that do not require the individual to return to the place he ate them in order to recite the after-blessing, such as fruit. However, regarding foods for which one must return to the original place he ate them in order to bless, such as bread, the laws of changing one’s location do not apply.

Halachically speaking, since we must be concerned with the opinion of the Rosh because of the rule “When in doubt regarding a blessing, do not bless,” one should not recite the Hamotzi blessing again, for one must return to the original place in any case in order to recite Birkat Hamazon. However, if one was eating fruits and then transferred to another house, one must recite another Ha’etz or Ha’adama blessing on what one eats there. (Nevertheless, since according to Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch there is no distinction between foods which require an after-blessing in the place they were eaten and foods which do not, a Sephardic individual who changed his location in the middle of a bread meal may recite Birkat Hamazon in his original location upon returning, after which he should recite the Hamotzi blessing once again and continue his meal.)

In the following Halacha we shall, G-d-willing, deal with some more details of this law.

Ask the Rabbi

8 Halachot Most Popular

Searching for and Renouncing Chametz

The Laws of Searching for Chametz On the eve of the Fourteenth of Nissan, which will fall out this year (5779) tonight, Thursday night, one must search for Chametz by candlelight. The candle must be made of wax (or congealed paraffin oil, common nowadays) as per the enactment of our Sages. If one ......

Read Halacha

Question: How many “Kezayit”s (olive’s volume) of Matzah must one consume during the Pesach Seder?

Answer: One is obligated to eat altogether three “Kezayit”s of Matzah during the Pesach Seder. Every Kezayit amounts to approx. 30 grams of Matzah. Nevertheless, there is room for stringency to eat four or even five “Kezayit”s of Matzah, as we shall now explain. The Order......

Read Halacha

Elimination and Sale of Chametz

Elimination of Chametz On the morning of the 14th of Nissan, meaning this year (5779) which falls out on this coming Friday morning, one must eliminate Chametz before the last time to do so arrives. (In Jerusalem, the latest time for burning and renouncing Chametz is at approximately 11:20 AM and t......

Read Halacha

The Pesach Seder-Kadesh

The famous order of the Seder of the eve of Pesach, Kadesh, Urchatz, Karpas, Yachatz, Magid, Rochtza, Motzi, Matzah, Maror, Korech, Shulchan Orech, Tzafun, Barech, Hallel, Nirtzah, was established by the leader of the entire Jewish nation, Rashi. The entire Jewish nation customarily follows this ord......

Read Halacha

Mentioning “Morid Ha’Tal” and “Barechenu”

The Amida Prayer during the Summer Months The first day of Pesach marks the end of the rainy season and as such, beginning from the Mussaf prayer of this day, “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” is no longer mentioned in the Amida prayer. Instead, we say: “Ata Gi......

Read Halacha

The Prohibition to Eat Matzah or a Meal on Erev Pesach and the Laws of Matzah

On the day of Erev Pesach (which is the 14th of Nissan), one may not eat Matzah so that one will be able to eat Matzah that night at the Seder with appetite. One may, however, eat Matzah on the night of the 14th of Nissan (meaning the night before the Seder night, this year on Thursday night). &......

Read Halacha

“And You Shall Tell Your Son”

Question: Does one fulfill the Mitzvah of “And you shall tell your son” on the Seder night by recounting the miracles of the Exodus from Egypt to his daughters or does only one who tells this over to one’s sons fulfill this Mitzvah? Answer: The Torah states regarding the Mitzvah......

Read Halacha

The Laws of the Blessing of the Trees

The Proper Time for the Blessing of the Trees Our Sages, who have established the Blessing of the Tress, write that the proper time for this blessing is during the month of Nissan, for it is then that trees begin to blossom and buds come forth. It would seem from the words of our Sages though that ......

Read Halacha