Halacha for Tuesday 11 Adar 5781 February 23 2021

The Mitzvah of Joy and Torah Learning on Purim Day

There is a Mitzvah eat heartily during the Purim Feast. One should preferably eat bread during this meal.

The Rambam (Chapter 2 of Hilchot Megillah, Halacha 15) writes: “What is the extent of one’s obligation during this feast? One should eat meat and prepare a delicious meal to the best of one’s ability. One should drink wine and become intoxicated until one dozes off in one’s drunkenness.” The Meiri (Megillah 7b) writes: “On Purim, one is obligated to increase one’s joy, eating, and drinking etc. Nevertheless, we are not commanded to drink so much and become so drunk to the extent that we will cause ourselves self-degradation through our happiness, for we were never commanded in a joy of frivolity and foolishness; rather, we were commanded to observe a joy of enjoyment through which we can reach the love of Hashem and praising Him for the miracles He has performed for us.”

Based on this, even if one feels that it would be uncharacteristic of him to start speaking words of Torah and singing songs of holiness, nevertheless, one should certainly do so at least during this feast on Purim day which has the potential of being a meal laden with joy of the Mitzvot and love for Hashem or turning into, G-d-forbid, an empty meal surrounded by foolishness and silliness. By asserting one’s self in this manner, one will merit being respected by all those who see him and one will thereby transform one’s household into one of love of Torah and fear of Heaven.

It is proper that every single individual sit down and learn for one hour before the Purim Feast, either some Midrashim or commentaries surrounding Megillat Esther, to each his own. Indeed, the verse states, “The Jews had light and joy” and our Sages expound in Masechet Megillah (16b) that “light” refers to Torah. This is especially true since during the times of the miracle of Purim, the Jewish nation joyously accepted upon themselves all of the laws of the Torah, as the Gemara in Masechet Shabbat (88a) states that they accepted the Torah once again in the days of Achashverosh.

Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes (in his Chazon Ovadia-Purim, page 181) that since everyone is busy with the Purim feast and the other Mitzvot of the day, it is imperative to learn Torah on this day, for Torah learning is what causes the world to continue to exist, as the verse states, “Were it not for my covenant (i.e. Torah learning) day and night, I would not have established the laws of heaven and earth.” The great Poskim have already brought up this point.

A story is recounted that the great Rebbe, Harav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk once told his disciples that it once occurred on a certain Purim that the entire world was busy with the various Mitzvot of the day and precisely at that moment, the Gaon of Biala sat down to learn Torah; in his merit, the entire world continued to exist. This caused a great stir in Heaven, for without him, there would have been an hour where the world was devoid of Torah learning. He was therefore rewarded by Heaven with a son who possessed a lofty soul, none other than the Gaon, Rabbeinu Avraham Borenstein of Sochatchov, the saintly author of the “Avnei Nezer,” who illuminated the eyes of the Jewish nation with his Torah (and would eventually become the son-in-law of the Kotzker Rebbe).

Thus, one must be certain leave at least one spare hour on Purim day for Torah learning and one will indeed be handsomely rewarded by Heaven. It is preferable to do so immediately upon returning home from Shacharit prayers at which time one should learn whatever one wishes for as long as possible. This can also be done while one is still in the synagogue. One should see to it not to be idle from Torah on this great and holy day.

----------------------------------

As a result of human error, the ruling of the great Rishon Le'Zion, Hagaon Rabbeinu Yitzchak Yosef Shlit"a, was quoted at the end of yesterday's Halacha without affording him the appropriate honorary titles, as we always do. We sincerely apologize and are hereby rectifying that error.

Ask the Rabbi


ספר אביר הרועים - בית מידות
ספר אביר הרועים
לפרטים לחץ כאן

הלכה יומית מפי הראש"ל הגאון רבי יצחק יוסף שליט"א

דין ברכת שפטרנו מעונשו של זה
לחץ כאן לצפייה בשיעורים נוספים

Recent Halachot

"תנא דבי אליהו כל השונה הלכות בכל יום מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא"

נדה ע"ג א'

8 Halachot Most Popular

Taking Haircuts and Shaving During the Omer Period

Abstaining from Taking Haircuts During the Omer It has become customary among the Jewish nation to refrain from taking haircuts during the Omer counting period: According to the Ashkenazi custom, until the 33rd day of the Omer and according to the Sephardic custom, until the morning of the 34th day......

Read Halacha

Producing Sound and Whistling on Shabbat

The Gemara in Masechet Eruvin (104a) tells us that our Sages banned producing sound on Shabbat and Yom Tov, for instance, by playing a musical instrument, for they were concerned that while the tune is being played, the player will come to fix the instrument. This decree would certainly apply eve......

Read Halacha

Toys Which Produce Sound and those Which Operate Using a Spring or Coil

Question: Is it permissible for one to allow one’s young children to play with toys which produce sound, such as a doll which makes noise when shaken, on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have discussed the prohibition of producing sound on Shabbat, such as by banging on a board, ......

Read Halacha

Clapping and Drumming on a Table on Shabbat and Yom Tov

The Gemara in Masechet Beitzah (30a) states that one may not drum, clap, or dance on Shabbat lest one come to fix a musical instrument (ibid. 36b). This means that just as we have discussed in the previous Halachot that our Sages have decreed that one may not play musical instruments on Shabbat ......

Read Halacha


Praying in Pajamas

Question: Can one pray while wearing pajamas? Answer: Approximately one week ago, we have discussed that, before praying, one must prepare a fitting place, proper attire, and cleanse one’s body and thoughts, as the verse in the book of Amos states, “Prepare yourself before your G-d, I......

Read Halacha

Praying Barefoot

Question: May one pray while wearing sandals or while one is barefoot? Answer: When one prays, one must prepare one’s environment, clothing, body, and thoughts accordingly, for one will be standing before the King of all kings. Respectable Garments While Praying The Gemara (Shabbat 9b) ......

Read Halacha

Question: How many “Kezayit”s (olive’s volume) of Matzah must one consume during the Pesach Seder?

Answer: One is obligated to eat altogether three “Kezayit”s of Matzah during the Pesach Seder. Every Kezayit amounts to approx. 30 grams of Matzah. Nevertheless, there is room for stringency to eat four or even five “Kezayit”s of Matzah, as we shall now explain. The Order......

Read Halacha

Kissing One’s Parents’ Hands on Shabbat Night- The Students of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai

Question: Should one kiss the hands of one’s parents and receive a blessing from them on Shabbat night and does the same apply equally to one’s father and mother? Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Avodah Zarah (17a) tells us that when Ulah (a sage who lived during the Talmudic era) would......

Read Halacha