Halacha for domingo 9 Av 5781 18 July 2021

The Laws of Motza’ei Tisha Be’av and the Tenth of Av

Following halachic nightfall on Tisha Be’av which is approximately twenty minutes after sunset (somewhat later in the United States), one is permitted to eat and drink. It is customary to recite Birkat Ha’Levana (blessing on the new moon) following Arvit prayers on Motza’ei Tisha Be’av; it is preferable to eat something small before reciting Birkat Ha’Levana. Some customarily put on regular (leather) shoes and wash their hands and face before reciting Birkat Ha’Levana. (Although there are those that rule that one should not recite Birkat HaLevana on Motza’ei Tisha Be’av, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that the prevalent custom is indeed to recite Birkat Ha’Levana at this time.)

On Motza’ei Tisha Be’av this year (5781), one must recite Havdala on a cup of wine (no Besamim or candle), as one would any Motza’ei Shabbat, before eating.

On Motza’ei Tisha Be’av, some customarily wash their hands as they would every morning since on the morning of Tisha Be’av one may only wash his hands until the knuckles; thus, some wash their hands once again at this point. This is indeed a fine custom.

Our Sages tell us (Ta’anit 29a) that on the Seventh of Av our enemies entered the Bet Hamikdash and on the Ninth of Av shortly before sunset, they set fire to the Bet Hamikdash. This fire raged on for the entire following day, i.e. the Tenth of Av. Rabbi Yochanan said, “If I were in that generation, I would have established the fast day on the Tenth of Av, since most of the Temple burned on this day.” The Sages who established the fast day to be on the Ninth of Av were of the opinion that the beginning of the destruction is more severe.

The Talmud Yerushalmi relates that Rabbi Abon would fast on the Ninth and Tenth of Av. Although our Sages did not prescribe the fast to extend for two days since we do not have the strength to endure the fast for so long, nevertheless, since the Tenth of Av is also a day of tragedy and suffering, it is customary not to eat meat or drink wine on the night and day of the Tenth of Av, i.e. until sunset of the Tenth of Av. Ashkenazim customarily abstain from doing so only until halachic midday of the Tenth of Av.                                

Sephardic and Middle Eastern Jews may take haircuts and launder clothing on Motza’ei Tisha Be’av. Ashkenazim, however, customarily abstain from doing so on the Tenth of Av as well. When the Tenth of Av falls out on Friday (Erev Shabbat), there is room for leniency in this matter.

The Gemara (Ta’anit 30b) states: “Anyone who eats and drinks on Tisha Be’av will not merit to see the rejoicing of Jerusalem; whoever mourns for Jerusalem merits and sees her rejoicing, as the verse states, ‘Gladden Jerusalem and rejoice in her all those who love her; celebrate her joy with her all those who have mourned for her.’” Maran Rabbeinu zt”l explains that the reason why our Sages said “merits and sees” (present tense) as opposed to “will merit and see” (future tense) as would have been grammatically correct, is that there is a decree from Heaven that every deceased person will be forgotten from the mourner’s heart after twelve months (as a mourner is usually comforted for a period of twelve months after the passing of his relative, after which the intensity of the pain diminishes). The verse states regarding our patriarch, Yaakov (when he cried for his son, Yosef, upon thinking that he was torn apart by a wild animal): “All of his children rose to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted.” The reason for this was because there is no such decree that a person who is still alive shall be forgotten from one’s heart and Yosef was indeed still alive. The same applies here. Although 1,952 years have passed since the destruction of the Bet Hamikdash, we continue to mourn over it since the Heavenly Bet Hamikdash is still “alive” and exists, as the verse states, “The Temple prepared by your hands, Hashem.” The Third Bet Hamikdash, which we pray should be built speedily and in our days, will descend from Heaven, already built. When one mourns over Jerusalem, it is a good sign for him, for he “merits and sees her rejoicing,” since the fact that one mourns over Jerusalem shows that the Bet Hamikdash is alive and well within himself and he shall one day experience its joy. Our Sages have indeed written that Mashiach ben David is born on Tisha Be’av.

May we speedily merit fulfillment of the following verses: “Your sun shall no longer set and your moon shall no longer withdraw itself, for Hashem shall be for you and eternal light and the days of your mourning shall be complete. The smallest shall become a thousand and the least a mighty nation, I, Hashem, shall hasten the redemption. You shall be a crown of beauty in the hand of Hashem and a royal diadem in the palm of your G-d”, Amen!

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

ORDEN RITUAL DE LA NOCHE DE ROSH HASHANA

Las dos noches de Rosh Hashana es costumbre comer alimentos que simbolizan buenos designios para Israel. Por ello se come Rubia o lubia en árabe, zapallo –calabaza dulce-, dátiles, acelga, puerro, cabeza de cordero, manzana y miel. Ya hemos escrito oportunamente, que la perso......

Read Halacha

TIEMPO DE LLUVIAS

Comenzamos a citar el párrafo “Mashib Haruaj…” en la plegaria de Musaf (adicional) de la festividad de Simjat Torá (shemini atzeret, fuera de Israel). No se trata de un pedido formal por las lluvias sino de una alabanza al Creador, por ello se denomina en el lenguaje......

Read Halacha

EL SHOFAR

Es un precepto de la Torá oír los sonidos del Shofar el día de Rosh Hashana, como está escrito: Día de Teruá será para ustedes. A partir de que se oyen las bendiciones correspondientes está absolutamente prohibido hablar hasta que finalicen ......

Read Halacha

HOL HAMOED

Los días intermedios entre el primero y el séptimo día de Sucot o el primero y el último de Pesaj, son denominados Hol Hamoed y nuestra sagrada Torá los denomina “mikrae kodesh”, o sea convocación sagrada y así mismo los citamos en la pleg......

Read Halacha


MACETAS DENTRO DE LA CASA

Como vimos anteriormente, las prohibiciones de trabajar la tierra durante el año sheviit aplican incluso a las macetas conectadas, según la Torá, a la tierra por medio de huecos. A continuación, veremos sobre esta prohibición referida a las macetas que se hallan......

Read Halacha

SOBRE LA SANTIDAD DE LOS FRUTOS EN EL AÑO SHEVIIT

Como vimos anteriormente en las entregas que precedieron, los frutos que crecen durante el año sheviit, este año 5782, poseen una santidad especial, incluso si se los exporta fuera de Israel. Por ello los etroguim que saldrán de Israel el año próximo deben cuidarse......

Read Halacha

LEYES SOBRE LA FESTIVIDAD DE SUCOT

A pedidos de numerosos suscriptores, citamos a continuación un compendio de leyes sobre la festividad de Sucot. 1. La Sucá debe estar construida de –por lo menos- tres paredes y el “secaj” –techo de paja-. Las paredes pueden confeccionarse de cualquier mater......

Read Halacha

JARDIN COMPARTIDO

Como vimos anteriormente, durante el año sheviit –este año 5782- está prohibido realizar cualquier trabajo agrícola en la tierra de Israel, como plantar, etc. a menos que se trate de algún trabajo destinado a proteger la plantación para que no sufra da......

Read Halacha