Halacha for Tuesday 8 Sivan 5779 June 11 2019

Some Laws Regarding the Compensatory Prayer and the Laws of Women Regarding the Compensatory Prayer

In the Halachot sent out before Shavuot, we have discussed the general laws of the compensatory prayer which is that if one forgets to pray a certain prayer, one must compensate for this prayer immediately at the end of the following prayer one prays. For instance, if one has forgotten to pray Shacharit, immediately after praying Mincha, one will recite the Amida prayer again as compensation for the missed Shacharit prayer.

We should point out that the law of a compensatory prayer does not only apply to one who has completely forgotten to pray a certain prayer. Rather, it applies even if one has forgotten to mention something in the prayer in a manner that would obligate the individual to repeat the Amida prayer.

For example, if one forgets to add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” into the Shacharit prayer of Rosh Chodesh such that one would be obligated to repeat the Shacharit prayer. Thus, if one remembers that he has forgotten to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” only after the time for Shacharit has passed, this individual may no longer pray Shacharit and he must recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit immediately after having prayed Mincha.

Similarly, if one has forgotten to request “Tal U’Matar” within one’s Amida prayer during the winter months or if one has requested “Tal U’Matar” within one’s Amida prayer during the summer months and one only becomes aware of one mistake after the time for that specific prayer has passed, one must recite a compensatory prayer for such a prayer since it is as if one has not prayed at all.

Let us now discuss the status of women regarding these laws. We have already discussed several times that according to the Sephardic custom, women are not obligated to pray three times a day; rather, they are only obligated to pray once daily.

We have also explained that a woman who customarily always recites the Shacharit prayer and forgets to pray one day and only remembers once the time for Shacharit has already passed must recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit after having prayed Mincha. This means that she will now be required to pray Mincha and then recite a compensatory prayer afterwards for the missed Shacharit.

Based on this, if a woman customarily prays the Shacharit prayer every day and she has forgotten to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” during the Shacharit of Rosh Chodesh and she has only become aware of this once the time for Shacharit has passed, she certainly must compensate for this prayer after having prayed Mincha. Thus, she will now be obligated to pray Mincha and then to recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit after concluding Mincha.

There is nevertheless room for discussion in a situation where a woman has already fulfilled her obligation of praying that day, such as if she has already prayed Shacharit and mentioned “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” within the Amida and then she acts stringently and prays Mincha during which she forgets to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” and she has only become aware of this mistake after the time for Mincha prayers has passed. Must she now pray Arvit in order to be able to recite the compensatory prayer for Mincha or is she not obligated to do so?

Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that indeed, such a woman must repeat her Amida prayer based on the enactment of our Sages, for a woman’s law is equal to a man’s law in this regard. Although she has already prayed Shacharit and thereby fulfilled her obligation of praying that day and only then did she pray Mincha while forgetting to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” or “Tal U’Matar”, she must nevertheless repeat the Mincha prayer since she has accepted the Mincha prayer upon herself although she had been exempt from reciting it to begin with.

Similarly, if she becomes aware that she has forgotten to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” or “Tal U’Matar” only after the time for the specific prayer has passed, the woman is nevertheless obligated to pray the following prayer and she is also obligated to then recite a compensatory prayer for the previous prayer where she had forgotten to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” or “Tal U’Matar”. Thus, if the woman has prayed Shacharit and has forgotten to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” and only realized her mistake after halachic midday when the time for Shacharit has passed, she must pray Mincha just as a man must and she must recite a compensatory prayer for Shacharit immediately thereafter.

Summary: If one forgets to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” during one’s Amida prayer on Rosh Chodesh, has inserted “Tal U’Matar” into one’s Amida prayer during the summer months, and the like, one must repeat that Amida prayer. If one becomes aware of one’s error only after the time for that prayer has passed, one must pray a compensatory prayer for that prayer. For instance, if one has prayed Shacharit but has forgotten to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” and one has only become aware of this after the time for Shacharit has passed, one must pray Mincha and immediately thereafter, one must pray a compensatory prayer for the Shacharit one has prayed inadequately. There is no distinction whatsoever between men and women regarding this law.

8 Halachot Most Popular

The Holiday of Shavuot- Teachings of Kindness

The Torah introduces the momentous event of the giving of the Torah to the Jewish nation with the verse (Shemot 19), “On the third month from when the children of Israel left Egypt, on this day they arrived at the Sinai desert.” Our Sages in the Pesikta ask: Why is it that the Torah w......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Cooking on Yom Tov

In the previous Halachot we have explained that although Shabbat and Yom Tov are equal in their prohibition to perform work on them and it is therefore a Torah prohibition to drive a car on Yom Tov, nevertheless, certain works associated with food preparation, such as cooking and frying, are permitt......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Fire on Yom Tov

In previous Halachot we have explained that Yom Tov and Shabbat are equal regarding all prohibitions besides for certain works associated with food preparation, such as cooking, which are permitted on Yom Tov. Igniting a Flame One may not produce a new fire on Yom Tov, for instance by strik......

Read Halacha

The Holiday of Shavuot- Coronavirus

The holiday of Shavuot will be celebrated, G-d willing, at the conclusion of the period of the counting of the Omer this coming Friday (beginning from Thursday night), the 6th of Sivan (and outside of Israel on Shabbat, the 7th of Sivan as well). Let us, therefore, begin to discuss some of the perti......

Read Halacha


Reciting Kaddish

Question: What is the significance of reciting Kaddish for a deceased individual? Answer: When an individual departs from this world, his surviving children must make a concerted effort to pray with a Minyan three times a day in order to be able to recite Kaddish for their father or mother. Simil......

Read Halacha

Using an Electric Hotplate (Plata) For Both Meat and Dairy

If one uses an electric hotplate to warm meat pots and the like, it is quite common that some of the meat food inside these pots will sometime fall onto the hotplate thus causing the hotplate to absorb this meat flavor. As such, if one then wishes to place dairy foods onto the hotplate, if one does ......

Read Halacha

An After-Blessing After Drinking Tea or Coffee-An Incident Involving Hagaon Harav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach zt”l

In the previous Halacha we have discussed the basic laws of reciting an after-blessing after drinking a beverage in that as long as has drunk a Revi’it (approximately 81 cc or 2.8 fluid ounces) of the beverage in one shot (in a continuous manner without interruption between gulps), one recites......

Read Halacha

Question: Must one recite the “Boreh Nefashot Rabbot” blessing after drinking hot tea or coffee?

Answer: We have already discussed on several occasions that after drinking any beverage, one must recite the “Boreh Nefashot” after-blessing. The amount one must drink in order to become obligated to recite this blessing is a Revi’it in one shot, i.e. approximately 81 cc or 2.8 flu......

Read Halacha