Halacha for Thursday 1 Shevat 5781 January 14 2021

The Law Regarding a Woman Who Forgets to Recite the Blessings of the Torah

We have explained in the previous Halacha that if one forgets to recites the Blessings of the Torah and only realizes this after one has concluded Shacharit prayers, one may no longer recite these blessings, for one has already fulfilled his obligation with the “Ahavat Olam” blessing recited before Keri’at Shema since this blessing likewise discusses the idea of Torah study, similar to the Blessings of the Torah.

According to most Rishonim, women are exempt from reciting Keri’at Shema, for this is a positive, time-bound Mitzvah (for one is not obligated to recite Keri’at Shema at all times, only in the morning and in the evening) and women are exempt from most positive, time-bound Mitzvot. Nevertheless, Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Chapter 70, Section 1) writes that it is preferable for women to act somewhat stringently and accept the yoke of Heaven by reading the first verse of Keri’at Shema daily.

According to the Sephardic custom, a woman who wishes to perform a Mitzvah she is exempt from, such as Keri’at Shema, may not recite a blessing before performing it. Thus, women do not recite the Blessings of Keri’at Shema, i.e. the blessings of “Yotzer Or,” “Ahavat Olam,” and “Ga’al Yisrael,” while reciting Hashem’s name and kingship (Elokeinu).

Let us now return to our topic. If a woman has recited the Blessings of Keri’at Shema without the name of Hashem and later realizes that she has forgotten to recite the Blessings of the Torah, she may indeed still recite the Blessings of the Torah, for she does not share the same law as a man who has forgotten to recite these blessings and is exempt by reciting the “Ahavat Olam” blessing since she has not mentioned the name of Hashem and any blessing that does not contain Hashem’s name and kingship is not halachically considered a blessing. She must therefore recite the Blessings of the Torah whenever she realizes that she has forgotten to, even after the conclusion of Shacharit prayers. If she realizes that she has forgotten to recite these blessings before reciting Keri’at Shema, she may recite the Blessings of the Torah before beginning Keri’at Shema or between the chapters of Keri’at Shema, as we have explained regarding a man who has forgotten these blessings in the previous Halacha.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Megillah Reading- Coronavirus

Every member of the Jewish nation is obligated to read the Megillah on the day of Purim. One must read it during the night and once again the next day, as the verse states, “My G-d, I call out to you during the day and you do not answer; during the night I have no rest.” This verse is wr......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Hearing Parashat Zachor- Coronavirus

“Remember What Amalek Has Done to You” On the Shabbat preceding Purim, which is this coming Shabbat, after the opening of the Ark immediately following Shacharit prayers, two Sifrei Torah are removed; in the first one, we read the weekly Parasha (which is Parashat Vayikra this year, 577......

Read Halacha

Caution Regarding Chametz Issues

Our Sages (Tosefta Pesachim, Chapter 3) taught: “We inquire about and expound the laws of Pesach from thirty days before Pesach.” Based on this, great rabbis throughout the generations have taken the opportunity to teach the laws of Pesach to the public between Purim and Pesach since eve......

Read Halacha

Matanot La’Evyonim- Coronavirus

In the previous Halacha we briefly discussed the Mitzvah of “Matanot La’Evyonim” on Purim day which is the distribution of two monetary gifts, one to each pauper. What Must One Give? In order to fulfill this Mitzvah, one need not give actual gifts; rather, it is permissible to ......

Read Halacha


The Laws of Koshering Vessels for Pesach

One may not use Chametz vessels on Pesach since vessels which have been used to cook in or have had hot Chametz placed in them have Chametz flavor absorbed in them. Thus, just as we separate between meat and dairy utensils all year long, we must likewise separate between the utensils we use all year......

Read Halacha

The Days of Purim and the Laws of Mishloach Manot- 5781

The Days of Purim Purim will be celebrated in approximately two weeks from today. This year, we must discuss several unique laws, first of all, because Purim day (the 14th of Adar) falls out on a Friday. Second of all, in Jerusalem, a “three-day Purim” will be celebrated since the 15th ......

Read Halacha

The Mitzvah of the Purim Feast This Year (5781)

Holding the Purim Feast at Night The holiday of Purim is different than all other holidays we celebrate in that whereas regarding other holidays the Mitzvah of partaking of a joyous holiday meal applies during the day and night, regarding the holiday of Purim, there is only a Mitzvah to hold a feas......

Read Halacha

 A Joint Mishloach Manot by Husband and Wife

Question: On Purim I stay home and I do not give out my own Mishloach Manot. May I fulfill my obligation by sending a joint Mishloach Manot along with my husband? Answer: First, let us discuss the obligation of women with regards to Mishloach Manot. A Woman’s Obligation in Mishloach Mano......

Read Halacha