Halacha for martes 25 Tishrei 5781 13 October 2020

The Blessings on Thunder and Lightning

One who sees lightning recites the blessing, “Baruch Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melech Ha’Olam Oseh Ma’aseh Bereshit.” One who hears thunder recites the blessing, “Baruch Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melech Ha’Olam She’Kocho Ugvurato Maleh Olam.”

Until When Can One Recite these Blessings?
One must recite these blessings immediately following seeing the lightning or hearing the thunder. One may only recite these blessings within approximately two seconds (“Toch Kedei Dibbur”) of seeing the lightning or hearing the thunder; if this time has passed, one should not recite the blessing and should merely wait for another lightning or thunder.

Should One Recite the Name of Hashem Within the Blessing?
The Rishonim disagree whether the blessings on thunder and lightning should include Hashem’s name (i.e. the words “Hashem Elokeinu Melech Ha’Olam”) or not. The Ra’avad is of the opinion that these blessings should be recited without Hashem’s name, for instance, “Baruch She’Kocho Ugvurato Maleh Olam.” Nevertheless, most Rishonim disagree with the Ra’avad and rule that these blessings should include Hashem’s name just like any other blessing, as the Gemara (Berachot 40b) states that any blessing which does not contain Hashem’s name and kingship is not a blessing. Maran Rabbeinu Yosef Karo rules likewise in his Shulchan Aruch that these blessings should include Hashem’s name just like any other blessing that we recite.

The Opinion of the Petach Ha’Devir and the Opinion of Maran zt”l
Hagaon Harav Chaim Binyamin Pontrimoli, author of the Sefer Petach Ha’Devir, writes that there are those who customarily recite the blessing of “Oseh Ma’aseh Bereshit” without mentioning Hashem’s name upon hearing thunder. Originally, he was perplexed about this custom, for any blessing which does not contain Hashem’s name is not a blessing. Later, however, he found a basis for this custom which is that since one must recite the blessing immediately upon hearing the thunder and if one did not do so immediately, one may only do so until approximately two seconds later and not everyone is able to be so exact in addition to the fact that there are several other disagreements regarding these blessings which require great expertise, the custom has become to omit Hashem’s name from these blessings so that the name of Hashem is not uttered in vain. He concludes by saying that if one is an expert in Halacha, one should indeed recite these blessings with Hashem’s name, as per the original establishment of our Sages.

On the other hand, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l rebuffs the above and rules that since the Halachot regarding these blessings are common-knowledge in addition to the fact that no great expertise is required to realize the time limit for these blessings, the Halacha follows the original enactment of our Sages which is to include the name of Hashem in these blessings, in accordance with the opinion of the Poskim and Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch. This is one of the Halachot which Maran zt”l established for generations which is that everyone should become accustomed to recite these blessings with Hashem’s name in accordance with the opinion of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch. As a result of Maran zt”l’s ruling, many have indeed changed their custom and began to recite these blessings with Hashem’s name.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

ORDEN RITUAL DE LA NOCHE DE ROSH HASHANA

Las dos noches de Rosh Hashana es costumbre comer alimentos que simbolizan buenos designios para Israel. Por ello se come Rubia o lubia en árabe, zapallo –calabaza dulce-, dátiles, acelga, puerro, cabeza de cordero, manzana y miel. Ya hemos escrito oportunamente, que la perso......

Read Halacha

OBJETOS DE USO ESPECÍFICO

Ya hemos visto en entregas anteriores, los distintos tipos de muksé existentes, a saber: Queli shemelajtó leheter –objetos con función permitida- como los vasos, platos, cubiertos, etc. Queli shemelajtó leisur –objetos con función prohibida-, por ej. el......

Read Halacha

MOVILIZACIÓN DE PERIÓDICOS Y LIBROS EN SHABBAT

Pregunta: Está permitido movilizar en Shabbat libros sobre medicina, guías telefónicas, etc.? Está permitido leer el periódico en Shabbat? Respuesta: Escribe Maran (Sh. A. cap. 307 inc. 16) Parábolas y relatos seculares, relatos amorosos como el libro Ema......

Read Halacha

MANIPULACIÓN DE ARTEFACTOS ELÉCTRICOS EN Shabbat

Pregunta: Está permitido en Shabbat cubrirse con una manta eléctrica o se prohibe por considerarse ésta un objeto muksé? Asimismo ¿puede manipularse un artefacto eléctrico en Shabbat o no? Respuesta: En principio, debemos aclarar dentro de qué tipo......

Read Halacha


OBJETOS DE FUNCIÓN PROHIBIDA EN SHABBAT

Ya hemos enumerado las distintas categorías de muksé que existen en Shabbat, a continuación nos explayaremos sobre una de estas categorías, “queli shemelajtó leisur, o sea los objetos destinados a una función prohibida en Shabbat, como por ejemplo un m......

Read Halacha

GENERALIDADES SOBRE EL MUKSÉ

Ya comenzamos en las entregas anteriores a interiorizarnos sobre los principios del concepto de Muksé y los orígenes de esta institución rabínica. A continuación veremos algunas generalidades sobre el mismo. QUELIM SHEMELAJTAM LEHETER –objetos cuya funci&o......

Read Halacha

CUARTA COMIDA SABÁTICA, “MELAVE MALKA”

Pregunta: Es necesario comer pan en la comida que se realiza en la salida del Shabbat –Melave Malka-? Respuesta: Enseña el Talmud (Shabbat 119ª): Siempre debe la persona preparar su mesa la víspera de Shabbat, aún cuando no posea sino un “cazait” -29grs......

Read Halacha

MANIPULACIÓN DE ALIMENTOS EN Shabbat

Pregunta: Está permitido manipular alimentos que no pueden ser utilizados en Shabbat, por ej. carne preparada para el domingo, polvo de hornear, vainilla, etc.? Respuesta: Ya hemos visto anteriormente algunas generalidades sobre la halajá de Muksé en Shabbat y el tipo de obje......

Read Halacha