Halacha for Monday 23 Tammuz 5777 July 17 2017

The Laws of Immersing Vessels in a Mikveh

New vessels used for eating and serving which are bought from a non-Jew (such as most utensils produced outside of Israel) must be immersed in a Mikveh before being used. The Torah states (Bamidbar 31) that after the Jewish nation fought against the nation of Midyan and they returned from the war with the spoils, Hashem commanded them to immerse the vessels from the spoils in a Mikveh (Chullin 75b). Nevertheless, although immersing metal vessels is a Torah commandment, immersing glass vessels is only a rabbinic enactment, which results in several halachic ramifications (for instance, a minor, i.e. a boy under the age of thirteen or a girl under the age of twelve, may not be sent to immerse vessels in a Mikveh which are required to be immersed by Torah law, such a metal vessels; however, a child may be sent to immerse vessels which require immersing by rabbinic law and the child is likewise believed that he has carried out his mission.)

Before one immerses a vessel in the Mikveh, one must recite a blessing on this Mitzvah. If one is only immersing one vessel, one recites the blessing of “Asher Kideshanu Bemitzvotav Vetzivanu Al Tevilat Keli.” If one is immersing two or more vessels, one recites, “Al Tevilat Kelim.” If one has recited the “Al Tevilat Kelim” blessing for one vessel or the “Al Tevilat Keli” for several vessels, one has fulfilled his obligation and one need not repeat the blessing.

When one immerses the vessel, it must be immersed all at once and must be completely submerged in the waters of the Mikveh. Even if the vessel is large or long, one may not immerse half of it and then immerse the other half, for this kind of immersion is invalid.

In most communities where there is a Torah-observant Jewish population and a Mikveh for people, there is usually a separate Mikveh designated for immersing vessels. One must be careful that all of the vessels in one’s home have been immersed in a valid Mikveh, for as long as they have not been, the vessels may not be used for eating or drinking. Nevertheless, if one mistakenly transgresses this law and uses the dishes or vessels, the food does not become forbidden for consumption.

In the next Halacha, we shall, G-d-willing, discuss which vessels must be immersed and which need not be.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Taking Haircuts and Shaving During the Omer Period

Abstaining from Taking Haircuts During the Omer It has become customary among the Jewish nation to refrain from taking haircuts during the Omer counting period: According to the Ashkenazi custom, until the 33rd day of the Omer and according to the Sephardic custom, until the morning of the 34th day......

Read Halacha

Vows and Oaths

Question: Is it forbidden to make vows even when one intends to fulfill them? Answer: We must first explain what the Torah meant by “vows.” The Gemara (Nedarim 13a) explains that the primary vow referred to by the Torah is when one attributes a prohibition to the specific object one i......

Read Halacha

Is One Obligated to Wear a Tallit Katan (Small Four-Cornered Garment) at all times in order to fulfill the Mitzvah of Tzitzit?

The Gemara in Masechet Pesachim (113b) states that there are seven kinds of individuals that are excommunicated in Heaven and among them is one who does not don Tefillin on his arm and head, tie Tzitzit to his garment, and place a Mezuzah on his doorpost. The Tosafot (ibid.) write that it seems that......

Read Halacha

More Customs Observed During the Omer Counting Period

Some have the custom that during the Omer counting period (until the 34th day of the Omer), one does not wear a new garment which requires the recitation of the “Shehecheyanu” blessing (i.e. a new garment which causes the wearer joy, such as a new shirt and the like; however, a new garme......

Read Halacha


The Laws of Inserting “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo”

Today, Sunday, the Thirtieth of Nissan, is the first day of Rosh Chodesh Iyar. Tomorrow, Monday, the First of Iyar, is the second day of Rosh Chodesh Iyar. Inserting “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” into the Rosh Chodesh Prayers Our Sages instituted that one add the “Ya’ale......

Read Halacha

Chol Ha’Mo’ed

The days between the first and seventh days (outside of Israel between the second and eighth days) of the Pesach holiday and the days between the first day of Sukkot and the holiday of Shemini Atzeret (outside of Israel between the second day of Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret) are called “Chol Ha&......

Read Halacha

The Omer Counting Period

The period of the counting of the Omer is exalted indeed and filled with sanctity, as the Ramban writes in his commentary on Parashat Emor that the days between the holidays of Pesach and Shavuot, i.e. the Omer counting period, retain the sanctity of Chol Ha’Moed and are not days of national t......

Read Halacha

Memorial Day for the Fallen Soldiers of the IDF- Maran zt”l’s Following the Yom Kippur War

Today is Memorial Day for the fallen soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces. Last year, we had mentioned the words of Maran zt”l with regards to the deaths of the soldiers of the IDF where he quoted the Gemara (Baba Batra 10b) regarding the Martyrs of Lod, about whom the Gemara states that no o......

Read Halacha