Halacha for domingo 29 Elul 5778 9 September 2018

Rosh Hashanah-Judgment Day

On both nights of Rosh Hashanah, we customarily eat certain symbolic foods that serve as a good omen for the upcoming year. The details and order of this custom can be found in the Halacha regarding the Order of Rosh Hashanah.

Our Sages, in Masechet Rosh Hashanah (16a), have disclosed an invaluable piece of information to us: Rosh Hashanah, the day Adam Ha’Rishon (the First Man) was created, is the day when Hashem sits and judges all of the creations of the world. Almost every event which will befall every creature during the course of the upcoming year is decreed on this awesome day, the Day of Judgment for all beings.

Clearly, our Sages did not reveal this to us for no reason; rather, they did so because this has great implications for us so that we know to adequately prepare ourselves for these days by repenting for our evil deeds, accepting solid resolutions for the coming year, pleading before Hashem to accept our sincerest prayers, and asking Hashem to grant us a good and blessed new year.

If one were to have to appear before a human king for judgment, one would tremble in fear of the king, even if the king was utterly compassionate. One would certainly promise the king that he will mend and better his ways from now on. When the same individual reappears before the king next year to be judged, the king will almost certainly become angered that this man has not mended his crooked ways yet and he has remained on his previous level. Similarly, regarding us who appear before Hashem, King of all kings, to be judged, although our King is merciful, compassionate, long to anger, and bestows abundant kindness, it nevertheless does not make sense that one promises Hashem every year that he will better his actions and every year one reiterates the same resolutions he had promised to undertake the previous year. On the contrary, this will exacerbate the claim against the person for having the audacity and brazenness to come ask Hashem every year to pity him and grant him a good life while the individual continues going in his wicked ways.

Unfortunately, this situation seems to manifest itself among many individuals, who, when they grow older, look back at the course of their life and see that they never experienced any significant improvement in their service of Hashem and that they have spent their entire life merely “going with the flow” until the day they die. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon is due to a lack of proper contemplation about one’s service of Hashem. Now, as we find ourselves drawing nearer to Rosh Hashanah, every person must probe himself in order to find out where his service of Hashem is incomplete and one must then accept upon himself to mend this area where one is not up to par. One must make sure, however, that this resolution stems from proper contemplation, for if this is the case, even if all of the waves of the world wash over him, one will not relent on his resolution. By doing so, one can truly be considered a “Ba’al Teshuva” (a true penitent), for Heaven shall value his dedicated spirit and his prayers shall be answered willingly by Hashem. Indeed, Hashem tells us, “Open for me an opening the size of a needle (an opening which penetrates through and through and cannot ever become blocked) and I shall open for you an opening the size of a hall!” 

On behalf of the “Halacha Yomit” team, we would like to wish all of our members, readership, and the entire Jewish nation that they be inscribed and sealed in the Book of the Righteous and may Hashem fulfill all of your hearts’ wishes for the good. Have a good and blessed new year!

Ketiva Va’Hatima Tova

Tizku Le’Shanim Rabbot Ne’imot Ve’Tovot

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

EL PRECEPTO DE AMONESTAR AL PROJIMO, ESPECIFIAMENTE POR HABLAR EN MEDIO DE LAS ORACIONES

Continuamos desarrollando el precepto de amonestar al prójimo. La obligación de amonestar al otro no aplica exclusivamente cuando lo ve transgredir una obligación religiosa para con D-os –ben adam lamakom-, sino incluso en lo que se refiere a la conducta entre las perso......

Read Halacha

EL PRECEPTO DE REPROCHAR EN LA ACTUALIDAD

En las entregas anteriores hablamos sobre la obligación de reprochar al otro tanto si observa que comete un pecado ante el Eterno como si peca contra otra persona. Esta obligación se origina en el versículo que dice: Reprochar reprocharás al prójimo y no carga......

Read Halacha

KIDDUSH EN EL LUGAR DE LA COMIDA

Tras haber visto sobre el precepto del kiddush veremos a continuación más sobre la forma en que se cumple el precepto. No existe kiddush sino el lugar de la comida. Por ej. si una persona oye el kiddush de otra no cumple con su obligación si no come en el lugar en que oy&oacu......

Read Halacha

LLUVIAS O NIEVE QUE CAEN EN SHABBAT

Pregunta: La lluvia o la nieve que cae en Shabbat son consideradas “muksé” y por lo tanto prohibida su manipulación, o no? Repuesta: Existen en Shabbat cosas cuyo consumo está prohibido debido a que son consideradas “nolad”, o sea algo que su......

Read Halacha


KIDDUSH SOBRE EL VINO

Cuando pronuncia la bendición del Kiddush en la entrada de Shabbat, debe asir en su mano una copa que contenga la cantidad de un “reviit” -86 mls.- de vino. Dicha copa de enjuagarse previamente por dentro y por fuera y llenarla con vino apto para la bendición, es decir vino......

Read Halacha

Y NO HAS DE CARGAR SOBRE EL PECADO

Está escrito en la Torá: “Has de amonestar a tu prójimo y no has de cargar sobre él pecado”. Ya anteriormente hemos citado lo que escribe Maimónides al respecto. Dice el libro de los Proverbios: “el oído que oye el reproche de vida, entr......

Read Halacha

APODOS DESPECTIVOS

Como vimos anteriormente, existe una prohibición de apodar al compañero. Afirma el Talmud (Baba Metzia 58): Así dijo Rabí Hanina, todos aquellos que bajan al infierno suben (es decir todas las personas que por su accionar en la tierra son condenados en el juicio celest......

Read Halacha

TRITURAR VERDURAS EN SHABBAT

Como vimos en las entregas pasadas, existe una prohibición de moler alimentos –o elementos- en Shabbat y se trata de una de las 39 actividades prohibidas por la Tora en este día sagrado. Vimos sobre la prohibición de moler pimientos u otras especies, a menos que ocurran do......

Read Halacha