Halacha for Thursday 16 Sivan 5781 May 27 2021

The Conditions to Permit Eating Foods Cooked by a Non-Jew

In the previous Halacha we have explained in a general manner the prohibition to eat foods cooked by a non-Jew, for instance, a Jew may not eat a potato cooked by a non-Jew; even if there is no concern as to the Kashrut of the food, our Sages nevertheless forbade eating foods cooked by a non-Jew for the reasons mentioned in the previous Halacha.

However, with regards to the actual prohibition of eating food cooked by a non-Jew, there are two conditions which, if they are not both met, it will be permissible to eat the foods cooked by a non-Jew.

The Conditions of when the Prohibition of Foods Cooked by a Non-Jew Applies
The first condition is that the cooked food must consist of foods which cannot be eaten raw or uncooked, such as potatoes, most kinds of meat, rice, and the like; all of these foods cannot be eaten uncooked and will therefore be prohibited for consumption if cooked by a non-Jew.

However, foods which can be eaten as is, uncooked, such as apples, carrots, and the like which are regularly eaten uncooked, may be eaten even if they were cooked by a non-Jew, for anything able to be eaten raw does not become prohibited when cooked by a non-Jew.

The second condition is that the food must be worthy of being served on a king’s table, meaning that only a cooked food which is respectable, such as meat or fish, is included in the edict of our Sages banning foods cooked by a non-Jew. However, a very simple dish which is not fit to be served on a king’s table may be eaten even if it has been cooked by a non-Jew.

Any cooked food which is missing any one of these two conditions, i.e. either it is able to be eaten raw or uncooked or it is not worthy of being served on a king’s table, is permitted for consumption even if it was cooked by a non-Jew. It is unnecessary for both conditions to be fulfilled.

In the following Halacha we shall discuss several examples of foods which may be eaten even if they were cooked by a non-Jew (Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De’ah, Chapter 113).

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Taking Haircuts and Shaving During the Omer Period

Abstaining from Taking Haircuts During the Omer It has become customary among the Jewish nation to refrain from taking haircuts during the Omer counting period: According to the Ashkenazi custom, until the 33rd day of the Omer and according to the Sephardic custom, until the morning of the 34th day......

Read Halacha

Producing Sound and Whistling on Shabbat

The Gemara in Masechet Eruvin (104a) tells us that our Sages banned producing sound on Shabbat and Yom Tov, for instance, by playing a musical instrument, for they were concerned that while the tune is being played, the player will come to fix the instrument. This decree would certainly apply eve......

Read Halacha

Clapping and Drumming on a Table on Shabbat and Yom Tov

The Gemara in Masechet Beitzah (30a) states that one may not drum, clap, or dance on Shabbat lest one come to fix a musical instrument (ibid. 36b). This means that just as we have discussed in the previous Halachot that our Sages have decreed that one may not play musical instruments on Shabbat ......

Read Halacha

Toys Which Produce Sound and those Which Operate Using a Spring or Coil

Question: Is it permissible for one to allow one’s young children to play with toys which produce sound, such as a doll which makes noise when shaken, on Shabbat? Answer: In the previous Halacha we have discussed the prohibition of producing sound on Shabbat, such as by banging on a board, ......

Read Halacha


Praying in Pajamas

Question: Can one pray while wearing pajamas? Answer: Approximately one week ago, we have discussed that, before praying, one must prepare a fitting place, proper attire, and cleanse one’s body and thoughts, as the verse in the book of Amos states, “Prepare yourself before your G-d, I......

Read Halacha

Praying Barefoot

Question: May one pray while wearing sandals or while one is barefoot? Answer: When one prays, one must prepare one’s environment, clothing, body, and thoughts accordingly, for one will be standing before the King of all kings. Respectable Garments While Praying The Gemara (Shabbat 9b) ......

Read Halacha

Question: How many “Kezayit”s (olive’s volume) of Matzah must one consume during the Pesach Seder?

Answer: One is obligated to eat altogether three “Kezayit”s of Matzah during the Pesach Seder. Every Kezayit amounts to approx. 30 grams of Matzah. Nevertheless, there is room for stringency to eat four or even five “Kezayit”s of Matzah, as we shall now explain. The Order......

Read Halacha

Kissing One’s Parents’ Hands on Shabbat Night- The Students of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai

Question: Should one kiss the hands of one’s parents and receive a blessing from them on Shabbat night and does the same apply equally to one’s father and mother? Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Avodah Zarah (17a) tells us that when Ulah (a sage who lived during the Talmudic era) would......

Read Halacha