Halacha for Sunday 18 Nissan 5780 April 12 2020

Mentioning “Morid Ha’Tal” and “Barechenu”

The Amida Prayer during the Summer Months
The first day of Pesach marks the end of the rainy season and as such, beginning from the Mussaf prayer of this day, “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” is no longer mentioned in the Amida prayer. Instead, we say: “Ata Gibor Le’Olam Hashem Mechaye Metim Ata Rav Le’Hoshia Morid Ha’Tal.” There are some Ashkenazi communities who do not mention “Morid Ha’Tal” at all in the “Mechaye Ha’Metim” blessing.

Similarly, beginning from the Arvit prayer following the first day of Pesach (outside of Israel, the Arvit prayer following the second day of Pesach), “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar” is no longer recited in the Blessing of the Years; rather, only “Ve’Ten Beracha” is recited. The Sephardic custom is to recite a much longer version of the Blessing of the Years beginning with “Barech Aleinu” during the winter months. During the summer months, this is substituted with the “Barechenu” text.

One who Mistakenly Recites “Mashiv Ha’Ruach
Since rainfall during the summer months is an ominous sign, our Sages teach us (Rosh Hashanah 3b) that if one mistakenly recites “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” during the summer months, he must repeat his prayer.

However, not every situation of mistakenly reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” warrants repeating the entire Amida prayer. This all depends on when one becomes aware of his mistake.

If one remembers that he has recited “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” before finishing the blessing, i.e. before reciting the words “Baruch Ata Hashem Mechaye Ha’Metim,” one should return to the beginning of the blessing (“Ata Gibor”) and recite “Morid Ha’Tal” in the proper place.

If one only becomes aware of his mistake after reciting “Baruch Ata Hashem,” one should end off by reciting the words “Lamedeni Chukecha” (in order for his blessing not to be in vain) and then return to the beginning of the blessing. However, if one only remembers his mistake after concluding the blessing with the words “Mechaye Ha’Metim,” one must begin the Amida prayer anew.

One who Mistakenly Recites “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar Livracha
If one mistakenly recited “Ve’Ten Tal U’Matar Livracha” in the Blessing of the Years during the summer months, one must recite the Amida prayer over again. However, this also depends on where one became aware of his error.

If one remembers before concluding the blessing by reciting the words “Mevarech Ha’Shanim,” one should return to the beginning of the blessing and recite the correct version. If one remembers after reciting the words “Baruch Ata Hashem,” one should recite “Lamedeni Chukecha” and then proceed to return to the beginning of the Blessing of the Years.

If one remembers only after he has concluded this blessing, in the middle of any other blessing which follows, or even in the middle of “Elokai Netzor,” one must return to the beginning of the Blessing of the Years and correct his error. Following this, one should continue the rest of the Amida prayer as usual.

However, if one only becomes aware of his mistake after reciting the “Yihyu Le’Ratzon” verse at the conclusion of the Amida prayer (the one following “Elokai Netzor”), one must return to the beginning of the Amida prayer and recite it once again. (See Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim, Chapter 117 and commentaries ibid.)

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

The Mitzvah of Counting the Omer

The Torah states (Vayikra 21, 15): “And you shall count for yourselves, from the day following the Shabbat, from the day the waved Omer offering is brought, seven complete weeks shall they be.” Our Sages (Menachot 65b) have a tradition that the “day following the Shabbat” ref......

Read Halacha

Question: How many “Kezayit”s (olive’s volume) of Matzah must one consume during the Pesach Seder?

Answer: One is obligated to eat altogether three “Kezayit”s of Matzah during the Pesach Seder. Every Kezayit amounts to approx. 30 grams of Matzah. Nevertheless, there is room for stringency to eat four or even five “Kezayit”s of Matzah, as we shall now explain. The Order......

Read Halacha

Chol Ha’Mo’ed

The days between the first and seventh days (outside of Israel between the second and eighth days) of the Pesach holiday and the days between the first day of Sukkot and the holiday of Shemini Atzeret (outside of Israel between the second day of Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret) are called “Chol Ha&......

Read Halacha

Everything is Foreseen and Permission is Granted

Israeli Independence Day is celebrated today. Since we have discussed this topic several times in the past, we will not delve into this matter lengthily at this point. Let us just note that according to Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l, although one must show thanks to Hashem for removing the ......

Read Halacha


The Pesach Seder-Kadesh

The Pesach Seder-Kadesh The famous order of the Seder of the eve of Pesach, Kadesh, Urchatz, Karpas, Yachatz, Magid, Rochtza, Motzi, Matzah, Maror, Korech, Shulchan Orech, Tzafun, Barech, Hallel, Nirtzah, was established by the leader of the entire Jewish nation, Rashi. The entire Jewish nation cus......

Read Halacha

Megillah Reading- Coronavirus

Every member of the Jewish nation is obligated to read the Megillah on the day of Purim. One must read it during the night and once again the next day, as the verse states, “My G-d, I call out to you during the day and you do not answer; during the night I have no rest.” This verse is wr......

Read Halacha

One Who is Unsure Whether or Not One Has Counted the Omer

We have already explained that one who has forgotten to count the Omer one day during the counting period may no longer count with a blessing on the subsequent days. The reason for this is because the Rishonim disagree as to whether the Mitzvah of counting the Omer is one long Mitzvah that span......

Read Halacha

Fallen Soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces

On the night of the 25th of Tevet, 5736 (1976), a memorial service was held for seven young men killed in Zion Square in Jerusalem by Palestinian terrorists. Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l spoke beautifully at this event and we shall thus quote some select excerpts from his discourse: Our......

Read Halacha