Halacha for Sunday 30 Nissan 5778 April 15 2018

The Laws of Inserting “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo”

Today, Sunday, the Thirtieth of Nissan, is the first day of Rosh Chodesh Iyar. Tomorrow, Monday, the First of Iyar, is the second day of Rosh Chodesh Iyar.

Inserting “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” into the Rosh Chodesh Prayers
Our Sages instituted that one add the “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” text (printed in Siddurim) into the prayers and Birkat Hamazon of Rosh Chodesh.

One who Forgets to Insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” on the Night of Rosh Chodesh
If one forgets to add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” on the night of Rosh Chodesh, either on the first night or the second, one does not repeat the Amida prayer. (The reason for this is discussed in the Gemara, Masechet Berachot 30b, which is that the new month is not sanctified at night.)

Even if one remembers that one has forgotten to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” before concluding one’s prayer, he may not return to “Retzeh” and add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” since the law is that one who forgets to mention “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” in the Arvit prayer does not go back and this does not impede one’s prayer; thus, one would not be permitted to recite “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” unless one has not yet recited the words “Baruch Ata Hashem” of the “Ha’Machazir Shechinato Le’Zion” blessing. However, once one recites the words “Baruch Ata Hashem”, one may no longer go back and recite the “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” text and one must conclude the blessing by saying “Ha’Machazir Shechinato Le’Zion” and proceed to conclude the Amida. (Responsa Yabia Omer, Volume 1, Chapter 22, Section 13 and Chazon Ovadia-Chanukah, page 260)

One who Forgets to Insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” in the Other Rosh Chodesh Prayers
If one forgets to add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” in the other prayers of Rosh Chodesh, namely Shacharit and Mincha, and remembers on after concluding the prayer, one must then repeat the Amida prayer. If one remembers after reciting the words “Baruch Ata Hashem” but before reciting the words “Ha’Machazir Shechinato Le’Zion”, one should immediately insert the words “Lamedeni Chukecha” (which would mean that one would have recited a verse from Tehillim: “Baruch Ata Hashem Lamedeni Chukecha”) and then go back and add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo.”

If one remembers after reciting the words “Ha’Machazir Shechinato Le’Zion” but before reciting the word “Modim”, one should insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” right there, in between the two blessings (until the words “Ki El Melech Chanun Ve’Rachum Ata” and the continue with “Modim”).

However, once one begins the blessing of “Modim”, one will no longer be able to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” in any place one remembers. Rather, one must return to the beginning of the “Retzeh” blessing and continue on as usual from that point on including the addition of “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo.”

If one has already concluded one’s prayer by reciting the final “Yihyu Le’Ratzon Imreh Fi Ve’Hegyon Libi Lefanecha Hashem Tzuri Ve’Go’ali” of the Amida prayer (which follows the “Elokai Netzor” section) and only then realizes that one has forgotten to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo”, one must repeat the entire Amida prayer with intense concentration so as not to forget to add “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” once again. (Chazon Ovadia-Chanukah, page 265)

If one forgets to insert “Ya’aleh Ve’Yavo” in the Birkat Hamazon of Rosh Chodesh, one does not repeat Birkat Hamazon.

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

Lighting Chanukah Candles on Motza’ei Shabbat and Electric Chanukah Candles

On Motza’ei Shabbat Chanukah, in the synagogue, Chanukah candles are lit first and only following this is Havdala recited in order to delay the departure of Shabbat as much as possible. Although the one lighting the Chanukah candles removes the sanctity of Shabbat from himself, nevertheless, t......

Read Halacha

The Proper Time to Light Chanukah Candles

One should preferably light Chanukah candles immediately when the stars appear in the sky, which is approximately fifteen minutes after sunset during this time of year. Some Ashkenazim, however, customarily light at sunset. The Earliest Possible Time to Light Chanukah Candles Chanukah candles sh......

Read Halacha

The Order for Lighting Shabbat and Chanukah Candles

There is a disagreement among the Rishonim as to the order of lighting Shabbat and Chanukah candles on Erev Shabbat Chanukah. The Ba’al Halachot Gedolot (commonly referred to as “Behag”) is of the opinion that Chanukah candles must be lit before Shabbat candles because women cu......

Read Halacha

The Proper Time for Lighting Chanukah Candles On Erev Shabbat

Praying Mincha Before Lighting Candles On the Friday afternoon of Chanukah, it is preferable to pray Mincha before lighting the Chanukah candles. The reason for this is because the Mincha prayer was established in the place of the daily “Tamid” sacrifice that was brought in the Bet Hami......

Read Halacha


The Obligation of Women Regarding Chanukah Candles

Although women are generally exempt from all positive, time-bound Mitzvot, such as the Mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashanah and Sukkah and Lulav on Sukkot, they are nevertheless obligated to light Chanukah candles, for they were also included in the miraculous salvation of the Jewish nation on the hol......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Women and Zimun

We have explained the primary laws of Zimun that if three men eat a bread meal together, they must perform a Zimun before reciting Birkat Hamazon. This is done by the leader proclaiming, “Nevarech She’Achalnu Mishelo” and the others replying, “Baruch She’Achalnu Mishelo......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Zimun

The Mishnah in Masechet Berachot (45a) states that three who have eaten a bread meal together must perform a “Zimun” before reciting Birkat Hamazon. “Zimun” is performed by one of the three reciting, “Nevarech She’Achalnu Mishelo” at which point the others a......

Read Halacha

Embarking on a Sea Voyage on a Jewish Vessel on Shabbat

Question: May one board an Israeli ship whose captain and crew are mostly Jewish if one knows that the voyage will continue on Shabbat as well? Answer: Boarding a Ship Traveling on Shabbat The law of boarding a ship when one knows that the ship will be in the middle of the sea on Shabbat is ......

Read Halacha