Halacha for miércoles 12 Iyar 5780 6 May 2020

When One Performs a Mitzvah, One Earns Himself an Advocate

Our Sages teach us in Pirkei Avot (Chapter 4, Mishnah 11): “Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaakov says when one performs one Mitzvah, one acquires for himself one advocate and when one performs one sin, one acquires for himself one prosecutor.”

The simple understanding of this is that “advocate” and “prosecutor” refer to the angel created by one’s actions. Similarly, the holy Zohar states explicitly (Volume 3, Page 307b) that there is an angel that corresponds to every single Mitzvah. This corresponds to the teaching of our Sages (Sotah 3b) that when one performs a Mitzvah, this Mitzvah will come out to greet him in the World to Come, as the verse states, “And your righteousness shall go before you” which refers to the angel who goes before the individual and announces, “Make way!”

Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that one who goes out of his way to fulfill the Halacha according to the Rishonim and to rule on halachic matters in accordance with their view, when he passes away and reaches to the World of Truth, these Poskim will come out to greet him. Similarly, the Gemara (Baba Kama 111b) tells us, “Rava said, ‘When I pass away, Rav Oshaya shall come out to greet me for I have made the words of the Mishnah compatible with his opinion.”

Furthermore, Maran zt”l writes that one who defends the opinions of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (from those who disagree with him occasionally) and rules on halachic matters according to his words, there is no doubt that Maran will come out to greet him in the World to Come. Additionally, Maran will act as an awesome advocate on one’s behalf, like none other. We must add that this does not necessarily only apply to Torah scholars who rule on Halacha in accordance with the opinion of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch; rather, anyone who benefits the public by teaching them how to properly conduct themselves according to the Halacha and according to the opinions of the saintly Maran Rabbeinu Yosef Karo in any aspect of Halacha known to him, whether it be from what he has heard in Torah lectures, saw in books, or learned in his set learning schedule, shall merit having powerful advocates who will come to his aid on one’s Day of Judgment.

A similar incident is recorded in the Sefer Maginei Shlomo, authored by the grandfather of the Penei Yehoshua, Hagaon Harav Yehoshua, head of Cracow’s Bet Din (Rabbinical Court) approximately four hundred years ago. The entire Sefer is dedicated to defending the saintly Rashi’s opinions throughout the Talmud after being questioned in many places by the various authors of the Tosafot. The author’s grandson writes in the introduction to the Sefer that the author recounted to his students that Rashi had appeared to him in a dream and told him with great joy, “Because you trouble yourself to save me from [the questions of] the mighty and sharp lions, the Tosafists, I shall come out to greet you in World to Come together with all of my students.” So did it transpire; on the day the author would later expire, a half-hour before a light of Israel would extinguish, many leaders of the Jewish nation were at his bedside. He told them, “Make way for our great Rabbi, the light of our eyes, Rabbeinu Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi), for he has come to me together with his entire holy entourage and he has greeted me joyously to show me the way of the Tree of Life since I have always been at his right side to resolve the questions posed by the Tosafists on his commentary.”

Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

ORDEN RITUAL DE LA NOCHE DE ROSH HASHANA

Las dos noches de Rosh Hashana es costumbre comer alimentos que simbolizan buenos designios para Israel. Por ello se come Rubia o lubia en árabe, zapallo –calabaza dulce-, dátiles, acelga, puerro, cabeza de cordero, manzana y miel. Ya hemos escrito oportunamente, que la perso......

Read Halacha

COMO RETRACTARSE DE LAS CALUMNIAS HABLADAS

Pregunta: Es necesario, para poder retractarse correctamente, acercarse a la persona que se criticó –sobre la que se habló “lashon hara”- para aclararle lo que habló de él? Por otro lado, el rabino que dictaminó en forma rigurosa, prohibió ......

Read Halacha

ENCENDIDO DE VELAS EN ROSH HASHANA

El primer día de Rosh Hashana es costumbre encender las luminarias del Yom Tob –festividad- antes de la caída del sol, como se lo hace en la víspera de Shabbat. De todas formas, si no se encendieron las luminarias en la víspera de la festividad, podrá la muje......

Read Halacha

PORMENORES DE LA PLEGARIA DE ROSH HASHANA

Obviamente, las plegarias de Rosh Hashana son pronunciadas desde un “majzor” o libro de plegarias en los cuales encontramos distintos textos y semánticas, según la costumbre de cada comunidad. Sin embargo, debido a la inquietud que cada año nos hacen llegar sobre alg......

Read Halacha


SOBRE EL LLANTO EN ROSH HASHANA

Pregunta: Se puede llorar en Rosh Hashan en las plegarias para invocar la misericordia divina? O acaso es preferible desarrollar las plegarias con alegría? Respuesta: Analizaron las autoridades rabínicas si en el día de Rosh Hashana es asimismo un precepto alegrarse al igual ......

Read Halacha

EL HOMBRE CONSIDERARSE MEDIO INOCENTE Y MEDIO CULPABLE

El Talmud (Kiddushin 40) nos dice: El hombre debe verse a si mismo como medio culpable y medio inocente, si observa un precepto, dichoso de él, pues inclina su balanza hacia la inocencia, pero si comete un pecado, pobre de él, pues la inclina hacia su condena. Esto significa, que la......

Read Halacha

SONIDOS DEL SHOFAR

Es un precepto de la Torá oír el sonido del shofar el día de Rosh Hashana, como está escrito: Día de Teruá -sonido del shofar-será para ustedes. Por lo tanto a partir de que se ha recitado la bendición sobre dicho sonido u oído la misma ......

Read Halacha

PREPARATIVOS PARA ROSH HASHANA

En los días previos a Rosh Hashana, cada quien debe realizar una reflexión personal para determinar qué aspectos de la conducta individual se deben corregir y esto mismo servirá como argumento de ayuda en el día del juicio de R.H. Explicó nuestro maestro ......

Read Halacha