Halacha for Thursday 28 Adar II 5776 April 7 2016

The Laws of the Blessing of the Trees

  מרן זצ"ל בברכת האילנות

 

The Proper Time for the Blessing of the Trees
Our Sages, who have established the Blessing of the Tress, write that the proper time for this blessing is during the month of Nissan, for it is then that trees begin to blossom and buds come forth. It would seem from the words of our Sages though that this blessing may only be recited during the month of Nissan and not at any other time.

Countries where the Trees Blossom at other Times
A problem exists in the United States, for not always Nissan do the trees begin to blossom during the month of Nissan. Therefore, the question becomes whether or not one is permitted to recite the Blessing of the Trees in the month of Iyar.

The Sefer Ha’Eshkol (authored by Rabbeinu Avraham Av Bet Din, one of the great Rishonim, page 68) writes that one should recite the Blessing of the Trees during the month of Nissan, however, this does not mean that the blessing must be recited specifically in Nissan; rather, this refers to the first time that year that one sees the trees blossom. Similarly, the Ritba (Rabbeinu Yom Tov ben Avraham Elasvili) in his commentary on Tractate Rosh Hashanah (11a) writes: “This does not necessarily mean Nissan; rather, every place based on when the trees blossom there.” Many other Poskim rule likewise.

Thus, one may recite the Blessing of the Trees based on whenever the blossoming of the trees occurs in one’s current location, for there is no specific requirement for the blessing to be recited in the month of Nissan; the only requirement is the spring blossom, which usually occurs during Nissan.   

Reciting the Blessing of the Trees on Shabbat
The Poskim disagree whether or not the Blessing of the Trees may be recited on Shabbat. We have already written about this topic in the past. Halachically speaking, according to Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l, it is permissible to recite this blessing on Shabbat according to the letter of the law especially on years like this one (5776) when Rosh Chodesh Nissan coincides with Shabbat and there is a concern that if this blessing is not recited by the entire congregation on Shabbat, there may be those who will treat this blessing lightly and not recite it later at all. In such a situation, it is certainly preferable to recite the Blessing of the Trees on Shabbat. Indeed, Maran zt”l behaved this way in his older years when he and the members of his synagogue would walk down the road and recite the Blessing of the Trees on Shabbat.

On Which Trees One May Recite this Blessing
One may only recite this blessing on fruit-bearing trees and it may not be recited on barren trees. Nevertheless, if one mistakenly recited this blessing on a barren tree, one should not repeat it upon seeing a blossoming fruit-bearing tree.

Some say that one may only recite this blessing when seeing a minimum of two blossoming fruit trees. Other rule that seeing one tree is sufficient. In pressing circumstances, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that one may recite the blessing on one tree. Nevertheless, it is especially praiseworthy to recite the blessing on several different kinds of fruit trees.

Grafted Trees
Regarding trees that are grafted from two different species, for instance, a tree grafted from Etrogim (citrons) and lemons, some are of the opinion that one should not recite the Blessing of the Trees upon seeing them since their existence is against the will of Hashem; thus, one should not thank and praise Hashem for them. Others argue and write that since this blessing pertains to the entire creation in general, one may even recite it upon grafted trees. Although if one wishes to recite this blessing on such a tree there is no need to protest, it is nevertheless preferable not to recite the blessing on such a tree due to the famous rule, “When in doubt regarding a blessing, do not bless.”

However, there is much room for leniency in this matter regarding trees which are not so clearly forbidden to graft, such as citrus trees including citron, lemon, “Chushchash” (wild oranges), and grapefruits, for according to Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l (see Responsa Yabia Omer, Volume 5, Chapter 19 and Halichot Olam, Volume 2, page 200), one may instruct a non-Jew to graft such trees with one another. Based on this, the existence of such trees is certainly not against Hashem’s will and the Blessing of the Trees may be recited on them just as it is customary to recite the “Shehecheyanu” blessing on such fruits, as we have explained in another Halacha.

Orla Trees
One may recite the Blessing of the Trees upon a tree within its first three years of being planted, for although it is Orlah and forbidden to benefit from, since it was not planted in a prohibited manner (as all trees are forbidden to benefit from during their first three years of being planted), this blessing may be recited upon it.

 


Ask the Rabbi


8 Halachot Most Popular

The Proper Time to Light Chanukah Candles

One should preferably light Chanukah candles immediately when the stars appear in the sky, which is approximately fifteen minutes after sunset during this time of year. Some Ashkenazim, however, customarily light at sunset. The Earliest Possible Time to Light Chanukah Candles Chanukah candles sh......

Read Halacha

Megillah Reading-The Proper Procedure for One Who Has Missed Hearing a Portion of the Megillah

Every member of the Jewish nation is obligated to read the Megillah on the day of Purim. One must read it during the night and once again the next day, as the verse states, “My G-d, I call out to you during the day and you do not answer; during the night I have no rest.” This verse is wr......

Read Halacha

The Custom of the “Commemoration of the Half-Shekel”-5776

It is customary to donate money before Purim as “a commemoration of the Half-Shekel” which was donated by the entire Jewish nation when the Bet Hamikdash stood. This money is customarily collected on the eve of Purim before reading the Megillah, as our Sages tell us (Megilla 13b) that &l......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Chametz and Kitniyot (Legumes) on Pesach

The Essence of Leavening The Torah (Shemot 13) tells us regarding the holiday of Pesach: “Matzot shall be eaten for seven days; neither leaven nor sourdough shall be seen in all of your borders.” The leaven that the Torah prohibits is produced by the combination of grain-flour and water......

Read Halacha


The Obligation of Women Regarding Chanukah Candles

The Obligation of Women Regarding Chanukah Candles Although women are generally exempt from all positive, time-bound Mitzvot, such as the Mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashanah and Sukkah and Lulav on Sukkot, they are nevertheless obligated to light Chanukah candles, for they were also included in the ......

Read Halacha

The Pesach Seder-Kadesh

The famous order of the Seder of the eve of Pesach, Kadesh, Urchatz, Karpas, Yachatz, Magid, Rochtza, Motzi, Matzah, Maror, Korech, Shulchan Orech, Tzafun, Barech, Hallel, Nirtzah, was established by the rabbi of the entire Jewish nation, Rashi. The entire Jewish nation customarily follows this orde......

Read Halacha

Reciting Selichot Alone, Without a Minyan

Question: If one is unable to recite Selichot with a Minyan (quorum of at least ten Jewish men) for whatever reason or if a woman wishes to recite Selichot and she cannot do so with a Minyan, may one recite the Selichot texts alone or should one abstain from doing so? Answer: If one wishes to rec......

Read Halacha

The Laws of Hearing Parashat Zachor

On the Shabbat preceding Purim, which is this coming Shabbat, after the opening of the Ark immediately following Shacharit prayers, two Sifrei Torah are removed; in the first one, we read the weekly Parasha (which is Parashat Vayikra this year, 5776) and in the second one we read the portion of &ldq......

Read Halacha